Nyainrong County is a county in Nagqu City. “Nyainrong” means “Pleasant Valley” in Tibetan. Its total area is 10258 square kilometers, the county seat is Nierong Town with altitude of 4659 meters above sea level, and the economy is dominated by animal husbandry.
Nyainrong County is located in the northern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, the eastern part of the Nagqu region, with Biru County and Baqen County in the east, Amdo County in the west, Nagqu City in the south, and Zadoi County of Qinghai Province in the north.
Best time to travel From July-October
Local climate Plateau semi-arid monsoon climate
Most popular sites
Yupu Peak is also called “Yongpu”, which means “A Mountain with a valley full of jade”. It is in northeast of the Nyainrong county.
Zhuoru Zhadong Nabao Peak is in the northeast of Nyainrong County. It means “Black Stone Mountain“. The foothills of this mountain is natural pasture where yaks, cattle, sheep, goats and other livestock are pastured.
Geography and climate
The terrain of Nyainrong County is high in the northwest and low in the southeast. The average altitude is about 4,700 meters above sea level, and it is located in the lake basin area of the Qiangtang Plateau in northern Tibet. There are undulating hills and ravines in the territory. Some peaks in the northwest are covered with snow all the year round. The peaks in the central and southern parts are relatively different in height. The low hills and valleys are staggered. Among them, the usable pasture area is about 18 million mu. The most well-known mountain in this county is Tanggula Mountain, which lies in its north.
There is no absolute frost-free period in Nyainrong County. The winter is long, and there is no summer, the annual average temperature is -10℃, the annual rain and snow days are about 100 days, and the annual precipitation is 400 mm. There are more than 70 large and small rivers in the territory, which belong to the Yangtze River system and the Nu River system. There are one of the four main source rivers of the Yangtze River.
Population and ethnicity
As of 2003, the total population is 30,000, and the Tibetan population accounts for 99% of the total population. Other ethnic groups include Han, Hui, Mongolian, Tujia, and Monba.
During Yuan Dynasty, three tribes appeared in Nyainrong’s territory.
In the early Ming Dynasty, another tribe was formed.Then later, these four tribes, together with other small clans in the east Tibet formed a large group called “Thirty-Nine Tribes”; The scope of its activities is called “Thirty-Nine Ethnic Areas”.
In 10th year of Emperor Chongzhen of Ming Dynasty (1637 AD), the area of Nyainrong was under the jurisdiction of Heshuote regime
In 16th year of Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty (1751 AD), the area of Nyainrong was under the jurisdiction of Minister Office of Qing dynasty in Tibet
In 5th year of the Republic of China (1916), Kashag regime of Tibet set up Hor kichi to manage tribes in this region
In 31st year of the Republic of China (1942), Hor kichi was abolished, and the 39 ethnic regions were divided into 6 Zong, including Nyainrong Zong
In 1956, Nyainrong Zong belonged to Chamdo Administrative Office
In 1959, Nyainrong Zong was placed under jurisdiction of Nagqu prefecture
In 1960, Nyainrong Zong was revoked and Nyainrong County was established
In 1970, Nyainrong County was under jurisdiction of Nagqu prefecture
In 2017, Nagqu Prefecture was abolished, and Nagqu City was established; Nyainrong County is under the jurisdiction of Nagqu City until now