Nyainrong County is a county under jurisdiction of Nagqu City. “Nyainrong” means “Pleasant Valley” in Tibetan.
Its total area is 10258 square kilometers, the county seat is Nierong Town with altitude of 4659 meters above sea level, and its economy is dominated by animal husbandry.
Nyainrong County is located in the northern part of Tibet Autonomous Region, the eastern of Nagqu City, with Biru County and Baqen County in east, Amdo County in west, Nagqu City in south, and Zadoi County of Qinghai Province in north.
Nyainrong County is 93 km from Nagqu City, 425 km from Lhasa City, 457 km from Lhasa Airport and 680 km from Chamdo City.
Best time to travel
From July to October
Plateau semi-arid monsoon climate
Most popular sites
Yupu Peak is also called “Yongpu”, which means “A Mountain with a valley full of jade”. It is in northeast of the Nyainrong county.
Zhuoru Zhadong Nabao Peak is in the northeast of Nyainrong County. It means “Black Stone Mountain“. The foothills of this mountain is natural pasture where yaks, cattle, sheep, goats and other livestock are pastured.
Geography and climate
The terrain of Nyainrong County is high in northwest and low in southeast. Average altitude is about 4,700 meters above sea level, and it is located in the lake basin area of Qiangtang Plateau in northern Tibet.
There are undulating hills and ravines in the territory. Some peaks in its northwest are covered with snow all year round. The peaks in central and southern parts are relatively different in height. The low hills and valleys are staggered. Among them, the usable pasture area is about 18 million mu. The most well-known mountain in this county is Tanggula Mountain, which lies in its north.
There is no absolute frost-free period in Nyainrong County. The winter is long, and there is no summer, Annual average temperature is -10℃, annual rain and snow days are about 100 days, and annual precipitation is 400 mm.
There are more than 70 large and small rivers in the territory, which belong to Yangtze River and Nu River. There are one of the four main source rivers of Yangtze River.
Population and ethnicity
As of 2003, the total population is 30,000, and the Tibetan population accounts for 99% of the total population. Other ethnic groups include Han, Hui, Mongolian, Tujia, and Monba.
During Yuan Dynasty, three tribes appeared in Nyainrong’s territory.
In early Ming Dynasty, one other tribe was formed. Later, these four tribes, together with other small clans in east Tibet formed a large group called “Thirty-Nine Tribes“; The scope of its activities is called “Thirty-Nine Ethnic Areas“.
In 10th year of Emperor Chongzhen of Ming Dynasty (1637 AD), the area of Nyainrong was under jurisdiction of Heshuote regime
In 16th year of Emperor Qianlong of Qing Dynasty (1751 AD), the area of Nyainrong was under jurisdiction of Minister Office of Qing dynasty in Tibet
In 5th year of Republic of China (1916), Kashag regime of Tibet set up Hor kichi to manage tribes in this region
In 31st year of Republic of China (1942), Hor kichi was abolished, and the 39 ethnic regions were divided into 6 Zong, including Nyainrong Zong
In 1956, Nyainrong Zong belonged to Chamdo Administrative Office
In 1959, Nyainrong Zong was placed under jurisdiction of Nagqu prefecture
In 1960, Nyainrong Zong was revoked and Nyainrong County was established
In 1970, Nyainrong County was under jurisdiction of Nagqu prefecture
In 2017, Nagqu Prefecture was abolished, and Nagqu City was established; Nyainrong County has been under jurisdiction of Nagqu City until now