Around 40 million years ago, movement in the earth’s crust formed the Himalayas and a high-altitude plateau that is known as “Tibet” located between two ancient civilizations, China and India. Tibetan history can be traced back thousands of years back. However, the written Tibet history only dates back to the 7th century when Songtsan Gampo, the 33rd Tibetan king, sent his minister Sambhota to India to study Sanskrit who on his return invented the present Tibetan script based on Sanskrit.
Songtsen Gampo was the founder of the Tibetan Empire, and is traditionally credited with the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet, influenced by his Nepali and Chinese queens, as well as being the unifier of what were previously several Tibetan kingdoms. He is also regarded as responsible for the creation of Tibetan alphabet and therefore the establishment of Classical Tibetan, the language spoken in his region at the time, as the literary language of Tibet.