Huangyuan County, also known as “Tongkor County“, is located in the northeast of Qinghai Province. It is under the jurisdiction of Xining City, and it is located in the west of Xining City. The county government is located in Chengguan Town, 52 kilometers away from the provincial capital Xining. The total area is 1,509 square kilometers. Mainly Han nationality, as well as Hui, Tibetan, Mongolian, and Tu nationalities. There are many tourist attractions in Huangyuan County. There are splendid natural eco-tourism resources and cultural tourism resources of Sun-Moon Mountain historic sites, Zhazang Temple and Tangbo Ancient Road.
Best time to travel June to September
Local climate Semi-arid climate of continental plateau
Most popular sites
Sun-Moon Mountain was named Chiling in the early Tang Dynasty. Located in the southwest of Huangyuan County, in the southeast of Qinghai Lake, it is not only the junction of Huangyuan and Gonghe counties, but also the boundary between Qinghai agricultural and pastoral areas. It is 3,520 meters above sea level.
The ancient city of Dangar, is named after the popular Tibetan Buddhism monastery Tongkor Gompa. In 1648 AD, Tongkor Gompa was moved from Tibet to a hundred meters east of Dangar city. With a history of more than 600 years, it is an important economic and cultural hub and military center in western China, as well as an ancient historical and cultural city. The ancient city has a rigorous architectural structure, secluded streets and lanes intertwined with longitude and weft, unique structure of residential courtyards.
Huangyuan County Geography and climate
Huangyuan County is located at the junction of the eastern agricultural area and the western pastoral area of Qinghai Province. Ningge Railway, 109 National Highway, and Qingxin Highway pass through it. It is 41 kilometers wide from east to west and 62 kilometers long from north to south, with a total area of 1509 square kilometers. The altitude is between 2470-4898 meters.
The annual average temperature is 3.0℃, and the frost-free period is 27-71 days. Long hours of sunshine, strong solar radiation, large daily temperature difference, windy spring, cool summer, dry winter.
The hottest July average temperature is 13.9℃, and the coldest January average temperature is -10.5℃. The average annual precipitation is 409 mm, mostly in July, August, and September
Population and ethnic group
By the end of 2019, the total population of Huangyuan County is 136,898. There are 13 ethnic groups including Han, Tibetan, Hui and Mongolian, among which Han nationality accounts for 88% of the total population, Tibetan nationality accounts for 9%, and the rest include Tu, Salar, Dongxiang, Manchu, Kazakh, Russian, Yao, and Korean Ethnic minorities
Huangyuan County Brief History
During the Xia, Shang, Western Zhou, Chun and Qiu Periods, Huangyuan area was called “the land of the Xirong family”.
At the beginning of Qin Dynasty, Huangyuan belonged to Longxi County
In 60 BC, Huangyuan area was under the jurisdiction of Linqiang County
During the Western Jin Dynasty (265-420 AD), the Qianliang, Houliang, and Nanliang separatist regimes were established successively to control the current Huangyuan area
In 734 AD, Huangyuan area was under the jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom, and to become an important site of “Tea-Horse Trading Market”. A stele was erected in Sun-Moon Mountain to divide the border between Tang dynasty and Tubo kingdom.
During the Southern Song Dynasty and Xixia period, Huangyuan was once controlled by the Jin kingdomg and Xixia regime
In 1227 AD – 1253 AD, Huangyuan area was under the jurisdiction of Yuan Dynasty.
In the Ming Dynasty, Huangyuan area was under the jurisdiction of Xining
In 1727 AD, the city of Dangar (Huangyuan County) was built,
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), Qinghai province was established, Huangyuan area was under its jurisdiction
In 1978, Haidong Region was established, and to govern Huangyuan County.
In 1999, Huangyuan county was officially placed under the jurisdiction of Xining