The eastern of Tibet, Known as Kham, incorporates Northerwest and West Sichuan province and Northwest of Yunnan province. It has a rugged terrain characterized by mountains and gorges that goes from north to south.
The northern and western regions of Kham consist of high altitude grasslands over 4,000 meters. The southern part has many rivers, including the Mekong, Yarlung, and the Salween River flowing through that form land and weather allowing Tibetan farmers to grow barley, wheat , vegetables and fruit. The altitude of this region is between 2,500 meters to 3,500 meters and covered by virgin forests.
Kham was the home of many Repoches, lamas, including the founders of the Drigungpa and Kagyu pa. In 1070, many Buddhists fled persecution from central Tibet to Kham, in which they set up influential monasteries, and returned to central Tibet to spearhead the second diffusion of Tibetan Buddhism. Monasteries, which were built earlier, still stand on its original site, even some that were destroyed in the middle of 20th century, but being rebuilt after 1990. There are two main routes through the region to Lhasa that the Well-known Sichuan-Tibet Southern & Northern routes. The Southern route is mainly composed of the best alpine scenery, while the Northern road is a higher route riding through ancient temples, and herds. The best times to travel through these two routes are from April to October. In some months the road is temporarily blocked for a couple of hours to a few days due to landslide. However, there is a different climate than the other region of central Tibet. The summer monsoon brings a lot of rain between early June and September, while snowfall generally starts in late December.
There has a lot charm from its people, whom is called Khampa also known as the warriors of Tibet. Today, Khampas are dressed in sheepskin cloaks and braided hair and travel through the region by motorbike instead of horses. Linguists and anthropologists refer to this remote east Tibet as the ‘Ethnic Corridor of China’, due to its vast and sparsely populated territories are inhabited by over 14 distinct ethnic groups, 12 of which are virtually unknown outside of Sichuan Province.