Yajiang County is also called as Nyagqu or Nyachukha County. It is currently under the administration of the Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. The Administrative capital is located at Pundadrong in the Yalong Valley.
Historically, it was one of the important ferries on the Yalong River.It now contains 4 districts, 16 townships and 1 town. The whole county is located at the transitional zone between the alpine valleys and grasslands on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, currently the hinterland of Kham. It stands on the ancient Tea-Horse Trading Route, bordering Kangding County in the east, Muli County of Liang-shan Yi People Prefecture in the south, Litang County in the southwest and Dawu and Xinlong county in the north, with size of 7,637 square kilometers. The capital town of this county is about 2,500 meters above sea level.
Yajiang is a Tibetan settlement with rich Tibetan cultural heritage. Almost everyone in Yajiang county can sing and dance, and the five popular songs and dances in Tibetan areas such as Guozhuang | 锅庄, Xuan-zi | 弦子, folk songs | 山歌, wine songs | 酒歌, and “KU KU Gua 箍箍卦” are widely circulated in Yajiang’s villages and pastures. The “Jiu Zhuo Zhuo” in the territory is a unique “Mandarin duck dance | 鸳鸯舞”
Yajiang’s religious culture is highly inclusive. The five major sects Tibetan religion, i.e: Gelug Pa, Kagyu Pa, Nyingma Pa, Sakya Pa, and Bon are all exist in this county.The Tibetan culture is fully reflected in the architecture.
Mu Ya Culture | 木雅文化
In Kangding, Daofu, Jiulong, Yajiang and other areas around Gongga Mountain, a small number of people use a Muya language. They were called “Muya people.” According to statistics, there are about 10,000 Muya people, among of which about more than 1,000 Muya people live in the Tang Gu village of Jiulng county.
Mu Ya People has its own language, and its language structure is very similar to Xi-xia (西夏) language. The Mu-ya language is divided into eastern and western dialects. The area around Wanba and Hongba in Jiulong County belongs to the eastern dialect area. The Muya Tibetans who speak this dialect claim themself as to be “Mule | 木勒”; Tang-gu | 汤古乡 of Jiulong county, Sha De Xiang | 沙德乡, Liu Ba Xiang | 六巴乡, Pu Sha Rong | 普沙绒乡、朋布西乡 | Peng Bu Xi of Kangding County, and Zhu Sang Xiang | 祝桑乡 of Yajiang County are all belong to the western dialect area. The Muya Tibetans who speak this dialect call themselves “Muya | 木雅”. The eastern dialect is more influenced by Chinese and the western dialect is deeply influenced by Tibetan.
Ji Ren Lake| 吉仁湖 is one of the 108 lakes in Yajiang. It is the largest and most peculiar lake with a fabulous color. It is 4,100 meters above sea level. There are three unknown lakes in this order above the ladder, and the top lake is sky blue. Looking around, 108 lakes are dotted around and the lake is over the horizon. The four lakes are of different size and colors, such as a terraced field, and are spectacular; Occasionally golden color fishes can be visible in the lake.
Solow monastery | 索洛寺 is a Tibetan word, meaning “the temple left by the Mongols.” The temple was built over 900 years ago. There is only one defensive god called Zhen Ma Zhen | 真玛真. A puja is held in each November
Guosa monastery | 郭萨寺 was founded in 1358 BC being the first ancient temple in the south of Kham. Usually, the monasteries are built on the mountain and facing the water. But the Guosa monastery is built near the water and facing the mountain. This is one of the unique of Guosa monastery.
Monastery Festival : Guosa Puja, 3 days from 23rd to 25th of the 10th month
Date of Thangkar unfolding: 25th of the 10th month in Tibetan calendar
Tea-Horse Trading Route | 茶马古道 The ancient Tea Horse Trading Route in Yajiang County is about 187 kilometers. There are 5 ruins of the station. The stones piled up with white and black stones are called “Donalar Village,” which means to worship the black stones of the mountain gods. For thousands of years, the pedestrians who came and walked on the Tea Horse Trading Route passed through here. Without the prayer flags and colored wind paper, they took a stone and piled it up to show their respect for the mountain gods and pray for a safe journey. There are many such piles at the top of the mountain or at the mountain pass. Among of which two piles of stone are with weight no less than 100 tons.
Zusang grassland area | 草原景区 Zusang, the Tibetan word for “three villages”, was named after the three long villages of Zhongjiu (众久), Benda (本达) and Bache(八车). According to legend, the Tibetans,who moved to this place in order to avoid wars, from Zhusang, Xinduqiao and Daofu County were all members of a tribe named Muya. After a long time, the tribe members married and interacted with local Tibetans in this beautiful place where flowers bloom, and live in a world like paradise.
Their wedding process is quite unique, it is said that this is the only place in Ganzi Tibetan Prefecture that completely preserves the ancient wedding customs of Muya people. In the wedding day, the bride rids a big horse to the bridegroom’s family front door, but without dismount, unless the bridegroom’s family persuade thoroughly, sometimes, the persuading prcess may even take up to 6 – 7 hours long. Now there are still many manuscripts of this kind of vernacular that are also popular here.
The recommended season for tourism are summer, spring and autumn, winter weather is rather harsh.
–Recommended hotels in Yarjiang–
Add : No. 20, Bu Xing Street
Contact : +86 836 512-6666
Add : No. 224, Jia Fang street
Contact : +86 836 512-8000
Add : No. 2, Chuan Zang Street
Contact : +86 836 512-7666
Add : Er Dao Qiao village
Contact : +86 836 512-1333
Add : No. 1, Jie Fang Street
Contact : +86 836 512-2588
Add : No. 54, Xin Street
Contact : +86 836 512-9999
How to get there
Yajiang county is located in the inner-area of Garze Tibetan Prefecture, the only way to get there is by overland travel; the closest airport is Kangding airport, which tremendously shorten the distance from this county to other towns or cities in Sichuan province
Contact: +86 836 282 7811
IATA Code: KGT
Altitude: 4,238 meters
Add: No. 26, Chuan Zang Street
Contact: +86 836 512-4551
Altitude: 2,500 meter
Distance from Yajiang to
- To Xinduqiao : 76 kilometers, about 1.5 hours’ drive
- To Kangding : 150 kilometers, about 3 hours’ drive
- To Kangding airport : 125 kilometers, about 3 hours’ drive
- To Litang : 385 kilometers, about 9 hours’ drive
- To Daocheng County : 285 kilometers, about 5.5 hours’ drive
- To Yading Nature Reserve : 390 kilometers, about 7.5 hours’ drive
- To Bamei County : 130 kilometers, about 2.5 hours’ drive
- To Batang county : 305 kilometers, about 7 hours’ drive
- To Xinlong County (Nyarong) : 200 kilometers, about 5.5 hours’ drive
- To Danba : 215 kilometers, about 5 hours’ drive
- To Chengdu : 470 kilometers, about 8.5 hours’ drive