Dawu County is a county under jurisdiction of Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.
Dawu County was formerly called “Tawu County“, which means “little pony” in Tibetan. The name of Dawu county is determined according to its topography which is like a horse, hence this county is named Tawu. In the 2nd year of Republic of China (1913), it was renamed as “Dawu County”
The county seat is Xianshui Town at an altitude of 2960, about 219 kilometers away from prefectural capital of Kangding and 585 kilometers away from Chengdu, 72 kilometers from Luhuo county and 78 kilometers from Bamei town
Dawu County is located in northeast of Garze Prefecture. It borders Kangding City to east, Danba County to northeast, Jinchuan County to north, Luhuo County to west, and Yajiang County to south. Adjacent to Xinlong County in southwest
Best time to travel
Sub-humid climate zone and cold-temperate climate in plateau valleys
Most popular sites
Huiyuan Temple, also known as “Gatar Shangbaling” in Tibetan, is a Gelug pa monastery of Tibetan Buddhism. It is located in Xiede Township about 6 kilometers north of Bamei township. It was built in 1729 AD and was built by central government of Qing dynasty with special funds for the 7thDalai Lama to avoid Dzungar Rebellion. Huiyuan Temple covers an area of 500 acres and has three layers of walls inside. 11th Dalai Lama of Khedrup Gyatso was born here. Since then, Huiyuan Temple has had a deep influence in Tibetan areas
Dawu Folk house, neatly constructed white flat-roofed house with their horizontal red timbers exuding an air of quiet prosperity. The appearance of these Tibetan houses is mainly composed of brown and white. The white roof, white main wall, and the wooden structure are mostly dyed with brown paint, with red and blue patterns in between.
Dawu White Pagoda was founded in 1988. It took several years and cost millions. It was completed in 1991. It is located in southeast of Dawu County and is a landmark building of Dawu County.
Dawu White Pagoda is composed of the main tower and 24 small stupas in the center. It is stone and wood structure with height of main tower of 53.24 meters, base width is 24.8 meters, and it is a hollow tower with 13 floors of dense purlins and cornices. There is a wooden ladder inside, which can be used to climb to the top of the tower. Large and small towers are in the shape of a bottle. Hundreds of large and small statues of Buddhas are enshrined in the main tower. Hundreds of Buddhist classics such as Tripitaka are collected. There are 168 copper prayer wheels around
Nyitso Monastery was built in 1662 AD and is one of thirteen major monasteries of Gelug pa in Garze prefecture. The whole monastery covers an area of about 700 acres, with a construction area of about 5,000 square meters. It is surrounded by mountains and rivers. There are more than 500 monks’ rooms, and houses about 120 monks now
Moshi Park is located about 6 kilometers from east end of Bamei Town and about 400 meters from National Highway 317. It has an area of 5 square kilometers and an altitude of about 3,350 meters. It is Mylonite Stone Forest Geopark
Geography and climate
Dawu County is high in northeast and low in southeast, 116 kilometers from east to west, 132 kilometers from north to south, and covers an area of 7,546 square kilometers.
Dawu County is located in the middle and lower reaches of Zhe-chu River (Xianshui River), a tributary of Yalong River. Xianshui River fault zone on southeastern edge of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is a transition zone between mountains and plateau. The highest elevation in this county is 5820 meters, the lowest elevation is 2670 meters, and average elevation is 3245 meters.
Dawu County belongs to northern section of Daxue Mountain Range, which is watershed between north and south of Dawu county. Shachong River and Yuqu River in north of Daxue mountain merge into Dadu River system to northeast; Xianshui River, Liuri River, and Qingda River in south of Daxue mountain merge into Yalong River system to southeast.
Bame Stone Forest in Bame Township is a rare mylonite stone forest in China. Bamei stone forests usually protrude from the ground in clusters, are sharp in shape and dark in color. They are in sharp contrast with the surrounding plateau grasslands and have a different style compared with the limestone karst stone forests in South China.
According to its terrain, it is roughly divided into:
East – Bamei Mountain plateau, wide valley area
Southwest – Nico & Wari Mountain Plain valley area
South – Zhaba Mountain Valley area
North – Yuke high mountainous area
Daofu County has a large temperature difference between day and night. Spring and summer are unclear, winter is long and summer is short, and winter is cold and dry.
Annual average temperature is 8.2°C, average temperature in January is 2.5°C, average temperature in July is 16°C, average annual minimum temperature is minus 14.3°C, and annual maximum temperature is 29.9°C. Average annual rainfall is 634 mm, the average sunshine is 2297 hours, and average frost-free period is about 113 days
Population and ethnicity
As of 2019, Dawu County has a total population of 55,875 people, of which Tibetans account for about 89% of total population. Other ethnic groups include Han, Yi, Qiang, Miao, Hui, Mongolian, Tujia, Lisu, Manchu, and Yao. , Dong, Naxi, Buyi, Bai, Zhuang, Dai,
How to get to Dawu
The quickest way to reach Dawu is to take flight to Kangding airport, which lies 170 kilometers east from Dawu county, then switch to vehicle overland to Dawu, which may take 4 hours, however, the land transportation is vital for connecting Dawu county;
Long distance Bus schedule and ticketing info:
- Chengdu (Xin Nan Men Bus station) to Dawu: with departure at 06:30 am, ticket: RMB 231.00 per person;
- Kangding to Luhuo with stop by Dawu: departure at 06:45 am, ticket: RMB 91.50 per person
- Kangding to Dawu: departure at 07:00 am, ticket: RMB 63.00 per person
Dawu Bus Station
Add : No. 6 Xi Wang Road
Contact : +86 836 712-2643
Altitude : 3,100 meters
Working Hours: 08:00 am – 17:30pm
Distance from Dawu to
During Warring States Period (475 BC-221 BC), Dawu area was called “Xi(West) Qiang” or “Xinan(Southwest) Yi”
During Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD), Shenli County was set up, and Dawu area was called “yak field”
In Sui Dynasty (AD 581-AD 618), it belonged to Fu kingdom
During Tang Dynasty (618 AD-907 AD), it was occupied by Tubo Kingdom
In Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-AD 1644), it was under control of Xian Itinerant High Commandery
In 7th year of Emperor Yongzheng of Qing Dynasty (AD 1729), Dawu area was rule by four chieftains of Mingzheng, Dandong, Mashu, and Kongsa respectively
In 3rd year of Emperor Xuantong of Qing Dynasty (1911), Tawu Construction Bureau was established
In 1st year of Republic of China (1912), Tawu County was setup
In 2nd year of Republic of China (1913), it was renamed as “Tawu County” and belonged to Sichuan Border Special Administrative Region
In 14th year of Republic of China (1925), it was placed under Xikang Special Administrative Region
In 24th year of Republic of China (1935), Xikang Envoy Office was established in Dawu
In 1939, Dawu area belonged to the 1st administrative inspectorate of Xikang Province.
In 1950, Dawu was under jurisdiction of Tibetan Autonomous Region of Xikang Province.
In 1955, after Xikang Province was abolished, Daofu was placed under the jurisdiction of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province
In 1955, Xikang Tibetan Autonomous Region was changed Xikang Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture; in October of the same year, Xikang Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture was abolished, and Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province was established, since then Dawu County was under its jurisdiction.
In 1978, Qianning County was abolished and the area under its jurisdiction was placed under jurisdiction of Dawu County
On January 24th, 1981, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck Dawu, killing about 150 people and injuring more than 300 people. The earthquake also caused great damage, but only in the surrounding area.