Medog County is a county under Nyingchi City. Medog means “Hidden lotus” in Tibetan. Medog County has a total area of 34,000 square kilometers, among of which 12,000 square kilometers actually controlled by China. It is located in the southeast of Tibet, on the lower reaches of the Yarlung Tsangbo River, in the eastern section of the Himalayas and the southern slope of the Gangri Gabu Mountains,
Medog County borders Zayu County to the east, adjacent to India to the south, connecting Mainling County, Lhunze County, and Cona County in the west, and neighbouring Bome County and Bayi District to the north. The main residents of Medog County are the Lhoba people and Monba people, the language is Lhoba, however, the writing is generally in Tibetan.
Medog County is the last county where the Yarlung Tsangbo River flows through Tibet before entering the Brahmaputra Plain. The main section of the Yarlung Tsangbo Grand Canyon is in the county. This is the place with the lowest elevation, the mildest, the most abundant rainfall, and the best ecological preservation on the Tibetan Plateau.
Best time to travel From June to November
Local climate Subtropical humid climate zone of Himalayas
Tourism in Medog
There are world class canyon landscape and snow mountain landscape in Medog County. The Yarlung Tsangbo Grand Canyon in the territory is 505 kilometers in length, with an extreme depth of 6,009 meters and an average depth of 2,673 meters in the core area. It has two world records for the world’s deepest grand canyon and the world’s longest grand canyon. It is one of the most majestic grand canyon landscape on this planet. One of the most distinctive landscapes in the Grand Canyon is the “horseshoe-shaped” bend of the Yarlung Tsangbo River in Pangxin village, and the Namcha Barwa Peak and Gyala Peri Peak on both sides of the Yarlung Tsangbo River.
There are many rivers, lakes and waterfalls in Medog County. Among them, there are more than 500 large and small waterfalls. The popular waterfalls include “The big bend Waterfall”, “Tinger mouth Waterfall”,”Khanmi Waterfall”, “Didong Waterfall”, “Beibeng Waterfall”, “Lage Waterfall”, etc.
There are many types of bridges in Medog County. Among the various types of bridges such as steel suspension bridges, rattan bridges, zip-lines, and single-plank bridges, rattan-net bridges and zip-lines are the most characteristic bridge landscapes in the Grand Canyon. There are famous rattan bridges and Dexing rattan bridges. The whole bridge has no piers and no iron nails. It is woven into a net cylinder with special white rattan strips.
There are many monasteries in Medog County, with more than 40 monasteries, among of which the most popular ones are: Renqingbeng Monastery, Luobang Monastery, Dergong Monastery, Gelin Monastery, Bargung Monastery, Malbeng Monastery, etc.
Geography and climate
Medog County is a landform of mountains, rivers and valleys in the lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River. The county is surrounded by mountains in the north, east and west.
In the south, it transitions from middle high mountain to low mountain, with an average elevation of 1,200 meters. The terrain dropped sharply from north to south, from Namcha Barwa Peak, which is 7756 meters high in the north, to only 155 meters in the south.
The two peaks of Namcha Barwa and Gyala Peri are the two highest peaks in the Eastern Himalayas. The Yarlung Zangbo River forms the Yarlung Zangbo River Grand Canyon between the two peaks.
The whole area of Medog County is mountainous. The northern mountainous area is eroded by flowing water and strong warm and humid air. The mountain is cliffy, the valley is deep, and the relative elevation difference is 3000-4000 meters. The middle and low hills in the south have gentle slopes and gradually open terrain, with a relative elevation difference of 500-1000 meters.
The climate in Medog County is like spring in all four seasons with abundant rainfall. The average annual temperature is 16℃, the average temperature in January is 8.4℃, and the average temperature in July is 22.6℃. The annual extreme minimum temperature is 2℃, the maximum temperature is 33.8℃, and the annual rainfall is 2358 mm, the maximum precipitation in the south can reach 5000 mm, the annual sunshine hours are 2000 hours, the annual frost-free period is 340 days, and the relative humidity is above 80%. Its climate is similar to that of the southern coast of China.
The huge altitude difference gives Medog County the most complete mountain vertical climate zone spectrum in China, including tropical, subtropical, alpine temperate and alpine frigid climates.
Population and ethnicity
As of 2016, Medog County has a total population of 14,040 people (in the actual control area of China), of which the Monba accounted for 75% of the total population, the Lhoba accounted for 15% of the total population, the Tibetans accounted for 9.5% of the total population, Han nationality and others minorities are 44 people in total, about 0.5% of the total population
During the primitive society, this place was the residence of the Lhoba people.
In the middle of the 17th century, the Monba people who lived in Menyu began to migrate here.
In 1881, the Didong Zong was established, the area of Medog and the Grand Canyon regions were under its rule
In the 8th year of the Republic of China (1919 AD), the Zong government was moved to Medog, and Didong Zong was changed to Medog.
From the 16th to the 20th year of the Republic of China (1927 to 1931), a war broke out between the Gaxag government and King Bome. King Bome was defeated and Medog was directly under the jurisdiction of Gaxag regime.
In 1959, Medog County was established, belonging to Tagong region
In 1964, it was placed under the jurisdiction of Lhasa City.
In 1986, it was placed under the jurisdiction of Nyingchi District.
In 2015, the Nyingchi District was abolished and Nyingchi City was established. Medog County is under the jurisdiction of Nyingchi City since then