Bayi District, also known as “Chagyib District“, is a municipal district under Nyingchi City. Bayi District formerly Nyingchi County has a land area of 10,238 square kilometers, including 38,000 mu of arable land, 565,000 mu of grassland and 5.02 million mu of forest.
The Bayi District has an average elevation of 3000 meters and a relative elevation difference of 2200-4700 meters. Gyala Peri peak, which located at the junction of Bayi District and Mainling County, is 7294 meters above sea level. There are subtropical plants and cold zone plants growing in the territory, which is known as the “green treasure house”.
Best travel time March-May and September-November
Local climate Tropical humid and semi-humid climate
Most popular sites
Bujiu Lama Lin Temple, also known as “Buchu Sergyi Lhakhang“, belongs to Nyingma pa, the largest and most important place of Tibetan Buddhism in Nyingchi city. The entire temple has four square corners. The outer bottom eaves have 20 corners. The second to third eaves are octagonal. The temple is more than 20 meters high and with an inner diameter of more than 10 meters. The top is covered with golden dome in a shape of tower; its four walls are painted in blue, white, red and green.
Benri Holy mountain, one of the sacred mountains worshiped by the Benbo religion, in order to eliminate the sin and various diseases, the believers make the cora of the mountain every year. It is recognized in all historical records of the Tibetans that Benri Mountain is the only sacred mountain blessed by Tonpa Shenrab himself.
Dimu Cliff Carvings, which has a history of more than 1,200 years, are the earliest stone carvings in Gongbu area to record history. Not only can we learn about Gongbu culture through this, but also play an important role in the scientific research of Gongbu history and culture.
Taohua valley, about 5 kilometers southeast of Bayi District, is surrounded by mountains on three sides, with water at high places, and surrounded by verdant trees and flowing water. Wild peach forest is all and almost the only growing plants in this valley. Its economic value is no less than that of other tree species. It is not only an ornamental material for the greening of the four seasons, but also the fruit and kernel are edible and medicinal. In each spring, the wild peach forest is in full bloom, dyeing the entire canyon the pink of peach blossoms
Geography and climate
Bayi District is located at the southeast foot of the Nyainqentanglha Mountain on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, where the Yarlung Zangbo River and the Niyang River meet. It is 177 kilometers long from east to west and 99 kilometers wide from north to south.
It borders Medog County in the east, Mainling County in the south, Gongbo Gyamda County in the west and northwest, and Bome County in the north and northeast. It is 400 kilometers away from the capital Lhasa City, 1700 kilometers away from the southwestern central city of Chengdu, and about 50 kilometers away from Nyingchi Airport.
The southern part of Bayi District is the remnant of Gangdise (Kailash) Mountain, and the northern part is the high mountain section of the branch of Nyainqentanglha Mountain. The average elevation in the territory is 3000 meters. The highest peak is Gyala Peri Peak, which is 7294 meters above sea level. The lowest point is Bayu Village, which is 1600 meters above sea level, with a relative elevation difference of 4700 meters.
Affected by the warm and humid air currents from the Indian Ocean, Bayi District has a temperate humid monsoon climate with abundant rainfall and sufficient sunshine. The winter is mild and dry, and the summer is humid without high temperature. The annual average temperature is 8.5°C (the coldest month in January, the average temperature is -2°C, and the hottest month in July, the average temperature is 20°C). The frost-free period is about 175 days. Annual sunshine time is 2022 hours. The average annual precipitation is 654 mm, mainly in May-September, accounting for about 90% of the annual precipitation.
Population and ethnicity
As of March 2015, the Bayi District has a total population of more than 67,000 people, with Tibetans as the main body, inhabited by more than a dozen ethnic groups and people including Tibetans, Han, Hui, Monba, and Lhoba.
Bayi District (formerly Nyingchi County) was called Gongbu in ancient times, and its history dates back to the prehistoric period of Tibet. In the 1970s, a group of human remains and tombs from the Neolithic Age were discovered along the Niyang River. Archaeology shows that as early as four to five thousand years ago, humans engaged in slash and burn agriculture in the area of current Nyingchi City and lived a relatively settled life.
Before 1949, Zela Zong and Jiqiao Zong were established in the territory of Bayi District, which belonged to the Gaxia government of Tibet.
In 1959, the three Zong of Zela Zong, Delin Zong and Gongmu Zong were merged to form Nyingchi County, the county seat is Nichi Village, directly under the Nyingchi Special Administration.
In 1960, Bayi District was established.
In 1964, the Nyingchi Special Administration was abolished and Nyingchi County was placed under the jurisdiction of Lhasa City.
In 1986, Nyingchi Administrative Office was established, and Nyingchi County then was placed under the jurisdiction of Nyingchi Administrative Office.
In 1987, Bayi District was changed to Bayi Town.
In 1997, Nyingchi County governed 1 town and 6 townships, and the county seat was stationed in Daze Township.
In 2000, Nyingchi County governed 3 towns and 4 townships.
In 2005, with the approval of the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China, the Nyingchi County Seat was relocated from Daze Township to Bayi Town.
In 2015 March, State Council approved the abolition of Nyingchi Prefecture and Nyingchi County, To establish Nyingchi City (prefecture-level) and Bayi District of Nyingchi City,
In 2015 June, Bayi District was formally established.