Zayu County means “a place where people live” in Tibetan, also known as “Dzayul County“. It is located in the southeastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, with Deqin County of Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the east, Gongshan County and Zogang County in the east, Medog County in the west, Myanmar and India in the south, and Bome County and Baxoi County in the north.
Zayu County is where the Cheng people lives. The southwestern counties are actually occupied by India, and the border issue has not been resolved.
The southwest monsoon from the Indian Ocean blows through Zayu County, there are dozens of large and medium rivers with Zayu Chayu River and Nu River as the main branches of the Yarlung Tsangbo River. It is with mild climate and beautiful scenery
Best time to travel May to October
Local climate Subtropical mountain humid monsoon climate
Most popular sites
Meili Snow Mountain, located in the eastern part of Zayu County, has a total length of 150 kilometers and extends south to Deqin County of Yunnan province. It is also called Khawa Karpo Snow Mountain in Tibetan areas. The word “Meili” is local Deqin Tibetan dialect of “mainri”, which means mountain of medicine. It is named for the rich variety of precious medicinal materials that grows in this mountain. It is also the holy mountain of Bon Buddhism, and it is regarded as one of the 4 holy mountain in Tibet plateau, the other three are Mt Kailash, Mt Amnye Marchen, and Mt. Gato Jowo
Geography and climate
Zayu County is located on the southeastern edge of the Tibet plateau. It is about 250 kilometers long from east to west and 180 kilometers wide from north to south. The county has a total area of 31,659 square kilometers. It belongs to the alpine valley area of southeastern Tibet in the western section of the Hengduan Mountains. It is rich in natural resources and its terrain slopes from northwest to southeast with a relative height difference of 3,600 meters.
There are more than 10 peaks above 5,000 meters. The southern edge of the valley in Zayu County is only 1,400 meters above sea level, and the whole county is with an average elevation of 2,800 meters, The county seat is Jigong Village with an elevation of 2,360 meters. The highest altitude is Meili Snow Mountain with 6740 meters above sea level;
Zayu County has long sunshine hours, warm in winter and cool in summer, suitable for the growth of a variety of crops and fruit planting. The annual sunshine hours are 1616 hours, the annual average temperature is 12 degrees Celsius, and the rainy season is from March to September. The annual precipitation is 802 mm and concentrated in April, May and June. The annual average frost-free period is 280 days. The Dulong River flows more than 90 kilometers in the territory with a drainage area of 1,947 square kilometers.
Population and ethnicity
As of the end of 2018, the permanent population of Chayu County was 32,000, of which the Tibetan population accounted for 98% of the total population. The remaining ethnic groups include Han, Naxi, Dulong, Miao, Hui, Monba, Lhoba, Lisu, Nu, etc. People
During the Tubo period, Zayu was established
In the fourth year of Emperor Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty (AD 1371), the county was located in Kemai village
In the Qing Dynasty, Kemai County was established, and the county seat was moved to Jigong village
In the 1st year of the Republic of China (1912), The county of Zayu area was established
In 1966, it was renamed as Zayu County, and it was under the jurisdiction of Chamdo Prefecture.
In 1986, it was placed under the jurisdiction of the Nyingchi prefecture after After Nyingchi prefecture was restored
In 2015, Nyingchi prefecture was abolished and Nyingchi City was established. Zayu County is under the jurisdiction of Nyingchi City since then