Zogang County, also known as “Zuogong County” OR “Dzogang County”, means “cattle back” in Tibetan. It is located in the southeast of Chamdo City. It borders Markam County to the east, Zayu County of Nyingchi City to the south, Baxoi County to the west, and Zhagyab County across the river to the north.
The county seat of Zogang County is Wangda (Wamda) town which is with altitude of 3780 meters above sea level. It is 1067 kilometers away from Lhasa and 1010 kilometers away from Chengdu. It is the only place where the Sichuan-Tibet Road and the Yunnan-Tibet Road must pass through, and it is also the only place where the “Ancient Tea Horse Trading Route” enters and exits Tibet.
It is one important fortresses of the ancient Tea-Horse Trading Route. and overlooking the Yu-Chu valley, and connecting the southern Sichuan-Tibet Highway (National Route 318) and the northern Sichuan-Tibet Highway (National Route 317)
The renovated Gelug pa monastery of Temto is one of the most important monastery among the other 12 monasteries in this county.
Best time to travel May-October.
Local climate Temperate plateau semi-arid climate
Most popular sites
Dongba dwellings are located in Dongba Township along the Nu River Canyon in Zogang County with a history of more than 600 years. The architecture of Dongba dwellings incorporates elements of different nationalities. The entire building is closed around with a patio as the organizational center, part of the sloping roofs on both sides are covered with glazed tiles, and there are lifelike dual dragon sculptures lying on the roof. In the interior and exterior wall painting decoration of the building, cranes, flowers and birds, phoenixes, and golden toads, which are all from inner land, can be seen here. The windows inside the house are much larger than the average Tibetan buildings, and the decorative carvings on the window frames are also exquisite.
Pabala Holy lake Scenic Area is located in Xueba Village about 78 kilometers away from Zogang County. It is composed of “sacred lake” and surrounding sacred mountains, monastery, grassland, natural caves, strange trees, strange rocks and other landscapes. The Holy lake covers an area of about 530,000 square meters. The living Buddhas of Jampaling monastery in Chamdo have the tradition to worship the lake.
Zogang Three Monasteries, all of which are located in the same place of Tiantuo Town that is of 46 kilometers from Zogang county seat, the Wangda (Wamda) town. Among them, Zogang Monastery is the largest and is in Yazhong Village, where Tiantuo Town is located. It resembles the Potala Palace, built on Elephant Trunk Hill, with majestic apperance. Tukha Monastery and Tiantuo (Temto) Monastery are located on the hillsides of Tiantuo Village, facing each other across the river. There are many national historical relics in these three temples.
Zhonglinka Tombs is 110 kilometers away from Zuogong County. The cultural relics include stone bowls, stone hairpins, stone hoes, stone shovel and other life and production tools. Among them, the huge lineup of sarcophagus tombs is the most famous. According to preliminary estimates, they all belong to the Neolithic Age. The sarcophagus tomb covers an area of more than 500 acres, and the stone inlaid in the wall several meters high is too big to be lifted even by more than 10 people.
Recommended Hotels in Zogang
Add: No. 46, Wangda Middle Road
Contact: +86 895 455-2291
Add: No. 11, Wangda Xia Road
Contact: +86 895 455-3082
Add: No. 9, Wangda Middle Road
Contact: +86 895 455-3599 / 455-3598
Add: No. 31, Wangda Middle Road
Contact: +86 895 455-3699 / 455-3683
Add: No. 42, Wangda Middle Road
Contact: +86 895 455-3198
Add: No. 17, Wangda Middle Road
Contact: +86 895 455-5555
Add: No. 1, Ying Bin Road
Contact: +86 895 455-2280
Add: No. 2, Wangda Heng Road
Contact: +86 895 455-3999
How to get to Zogang county
Zogang is a small county, located in the bottom of a narrow valley, it is almost at the “Y” intersection that connect to Kham to the east, Chamdo to the north and Lhasa to the west. The closest airport is Chamdo airport, which is about 150 kilometers, approximately 2.5 hours’ drive
Chamdo Bangda Airport
Add: Baxoi, Qamdo, Tibet, China
IATA Code: BPX
Contact: +86 895 482-1004 / 491-2001
Altitude: 4,334 meters
Geography and climate
Zogang County is 408 kilometers long from east to west and 220 kilometers wide from north to south. The total area is 11,800 square kilometers.
Zogang County is located in the mountainous valley in southeast Tibet, and in the upper mountainous area between the Nu River and the Lancang River. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south. The main mountain ranges in Zogang County include Dongda Mountain, Dola Mountain, Chawazhu Mountain, Chawaduojizhiga Mountain, and Meili Snow Mountain on the border with Yunnan; the highest peak is Quela Mountain, with an elevation of 5434 meters; the lowest elevation is 2650 Meters; the county’s average elevation is 3750 meters; the Nu River, Lancang River, and Yuqu River rush down the whole territory in parallel from north to south, forming three different river valleys.
There are 81 large and small rivers in Zogang County, with a total length of 1463 kilometers. The main rivers are Yuqu River, Lancang River, Nujiang River, Liequ River, and Weiqu River. Among them, the Nu River flows through the territory for 175 kilometers, the Lancang River flows through the territory for 120 kilometers, and the Yuqu River flows through the territory for 240 kilometers.
Zogang County has 78 large and small lakes with a total water storage capacity of 5.36 million cubic meters. Among them, the Cuogong Lake in Wutong Township (It is regarded as the Soul lake of Pabala), with an area of about 3000 square meters; The Cuomda Lake in Tiantuo Township covers an area of 2500 square meters.
The annual temperature difference in Zogang County is relatively small. The rainfall is unevenly distributed. Summer precipitation is concentrated, and the climate is dry and cold in winter and spring. The annual average temperature is 4.2°C, the average temperature in January is -6.7°C, the average temperature in July is 13.2°C, the daily average temperature above 5°C lasts for 176 days, and the daily average temperature above 0°C lasts for 220 days. The frost-free period is about 90 days. The average annual precipitation is 405 mm.
Population and ethnicity
As of 2013, Zuogong County has a total population of 45,852 people, of which the Tibetan population accounts for 99% of the total population. Other ethnic groups include Han, Naxi, Hui and Miao.
Distance from Zogang to
- To Lhasa : 1,050 kilometers, about 19 hours drive
- To Bome County: 420 kilometers, about 8 hours drive
- To Nyingchi: 650 kilometers, about 12 hours drive
- To Qamdo : 275 kilometers, about 4.5 hours drive
- To Markam: 160 kilometers, about 3.5 hours drive
- To Qamdo Bangda Airport: 150 kilometers, about 2.5 hours drive
- To Batang: 260 kilometers, about 5.5 hours drive
About the 6th century AD, the whole area of Zuogong was part of the Eastern Women’s Kingdom in Qamdo.
In the Tang Dynasty, it was a territory of Tubo.
In the 20th year of Zhenguan of Tang Dynasty (AD 804), Buddhist culture began to influence Zogang area
During the Yuan Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of the Tubo Itinerant High Commandery Marshal’s Mansion.
In the Middle of 13th century, it was under the jurisdiction of Mdo-khams Itinerant High Commandery
From the middle of Ming Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Chamdo.
In the third year of Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1725), Zogang area was awarded as a dependent land to the Dalai Lama. It is under the management of Markam
In the first year of the Republic of China (1912), the local government of Tibet established administrative district called “Zong”. The administrative divisions were divided into three sects: Bangda, Zogang, and Bitu, collectively called Zogang Zong.
In 1959, Zogang County was established, which was subordinate to Chamdo Prefecture and the county seat was Yazhong Village.
In 1967, the county seat was moved to Wangda (Wamda) town
In 2014, Chamdo withdrew its prefecture and The “Chamdo City” was officially established, and Riwoqe County is under the jurisdiction of Chamdo City ever since