Huangzhong district, also known as “Rushar County“, is under the jurisdiction of Xining City. It borders Huangyuan County, Xining City to the west, and Chengzhong District, Chengbei District, Chengxi District and Chengdong District to the south, north and east, respectively. The altitude is 2225-4488 meters. The area is 2700 square kilometers; the district government is in Russal Town. The territory is surrounded by mountains on three sides, and the terrain is higher in the south, west and north and slightly lower in the southeast.
Huangzhong district has a long history and rich resources. It is an important town on the ancient “Silk Road” and “Tang-bo Ancient Route”, with rich tourism resources. The most famous attraction is the Ta’er monastery. In addition, there are natural landscapes such as Qunjia National Forest Park, Shangwuzhuang Water Gorge, Dayuan Nanshuo Mountain, Shangxinzhuang Medicine Water Beach, and Lianhua Mountain Tourist Scenic Spot.
Best travel time Spring, Summer and Autumn
Local climate Temperate semi-arid climate
Most popular sites
Ta’er Monastery, located in the urban area of Huangzhong District, it was founded in the 12th year of Hongwu of the Ming Dynasty (1379 AD). It is named after the big silver pagoda built to commemorate Tsongkhapa, whom was the founder of the Gelug Pa. Butter flowers, murals and pile embroidery are known as “The Three Wonders of Art in the Ta’er Monastery”, and there are also many Buddhist classics and academic monographs on history, literature, philosophy, medicine, and legislation. The “Four Major Dharma Pujia” are held annually. It is one of the six major monasteries of the Gelug Sect of Tibetan Buddhism
Qunjia National Forest Park is located in Huangzhong County, at the junction of Xining City, Haidong Region, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, with total area of 11266 hectares
Huangzhong district Geography and climate
Huangzhong District is a transition zone between the Northwest Loess Plateau and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is a cool-temperature and semi-arid area on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The valleys are staggered and the mountains and rivers are alternated. The topography and landforms are complicated. The terrain is high in the south, west and north, and slightly lower in the southeast.
The average annual temperature in Huangzhong District is 5.1℃, the annual average precipitation is 510 mm, the annual evaporation is 900-1000 mm, the average frost-free period is 170 days, and the sunshine hours are 2453 hours.
The Huangshui River traverses the middle of the district from west to east. Fourteen rivers, including Dananchuan, Xinachuan, and Yunguchuan, are fan-shaped and gather Huangshui from three mountainous areas in the south, west and north.
Population and ethnic group
As of the end of 2018, Huangzhong district has a permanent population of 460,000, making it a large population area in Qinghai. Mainly Han, ethnic minorities include: Tibetan, Hui, Tu, Salar, Mongolian, etc.
Huangzhong district Brief history
Before the Qin and Han Dynasties, Huangzhong belonged to the “Land of Qiang Rong”.
During the Western Han Dynasty, the Han army occupied the Huangshui River Basin, Huangzhong area has since been included in the territory of the central government.
In Han Dynasty, Linqiang County was established, Huangzhong area was under its jurisdiction
During the Eastern Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, Huangzhong area was successively ruled by separate regimes in Qianliang, Houliang, Nanliang, Western Qin and Beiliang.
During the Sui Dynasty, Huangzhong area was under the jurisdiction of Huangshui County
In the Tang Dynasty, Shancheng County was established, and Huangzhong area was under its jurisdiction
At the end of the Tang Dynasty, Huangzhong area was occupied by Tubo kingdom
At the beginning of the Song Dynasty, Huangzhong area was ruled by Tubo kingdom; Soon, it was occupied by Jin kingdom and Xia regime successively,
At the end of the Southern Song Dynasty, Huangzhong area was under the jurisdiction of Yuan Dynasty.
In the Ming Dynasty, Huangzhong area belonged to Xiningwei. After the Ming Dynasty, a large number of Han and Hui people moved into the territory, and gradually formed an area dominated by Han people, with Han, Hui, Tibetan and other ethnic groups living together.
In Qing Dynasty, Huangzhong area belonged to Xining County.
In the 35th year of the Republic of China (1946), it was first called Huangzhong County.
From January 1960 to July 1961, it belonged to Xining City.
In 1961, it was restored as a county directly under the jurisdiction of Qinghai province.
In 1979, it belonged to the Haidong region.
In 2000, it was under the jurisdiction of Xining city
In 2019, Huangzhong County was abolished and Huangzhong District was established.
In 2020, Huangzhong County has officially since been renamed as Huangzhong District