Menyuan Hui Autonomous County is also spelled as “Mongyon Hui Autonomous County“. It is located in the northeast of Qinghai Province, and adjacent to Gansu Province to the east and north.
It is 150 kilometers away from Xining, the provincial capital, and 250 kilometers away from Haiyan County, the capital of Haibei Prefecture. The total area of Menyuan County is 6896 square kilometers.
Menyuan has rich tourism resources and unique folk customs. The magnificent Grand Canyon; appreciate the customs of plateau pastures, ethnic embroidery and other multi-ethnic cultures.
Best time to travel Summer and autumn; July and August are the seasons for rape-flower blossoms .
Local climate Plateau continental climate
Most popular sites
Huangcheng Grassland is located on the northern slope of Lenglongling in the eastern section of Qilian Mountain, with Yongchang and Wuwei counties in the north, Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County in the east, and Shandan Racecourse in the west. It is 95 kilometers long from east to west, 72 kilometers wide from north to south, with a total area of 3,725 square kilometers, and an altitude between 2500 and 4500 meters.
The former site of the imperial city In the northern part of Huangchengtan, on the grassy beach east of Huangcheng River, there is an ancient city site. This is the “former site of the imperial city”.
Menyuan County Geography and climate
The average elevation of Menyuan County is 2866 meters, and the highest elevation is 5254 meters. It borders Tianzhu, Sunan and Shandan counties of Gansu Province in the middle of the Hexi Corridor to the northeast; Datong and Huzhu counties in Qinghai Province to the south, and Qilian and Haiyan counties to the west. The mountain area in Menyuan Hui Autonomous County accounts for 83% and the basin area is 17%. Menyuan County is at the eastern end of the Qilian Mountains, the terrain is complex and the height difference is huge. The terrain is high in the northwest, low in the southeast, and low in the middle, forming the Menyuan Basin with a humid climate and abundant water.
Menyuan County has a plateau continental climate. It has the typical characteristics of long sunshine time, strong solar radiation, and large temperature difference between day and night.
In winter, affected by climate from Siberia, Menyuan County is relatively cold and dry. In summer, the climate is cool and humid due to the warm and humid southwest air currents in the Bay of Bengal.
It has the characteristics of snowy and windy spring, cool and rainy summer, mild and short autumn, and cold and long winter.
The annual sunshine hours are 2265-2740 hours, the daily temperature range is 11.6–17.5℃, and the annual average temperature is 0.8℃.
Population and ethnic groups
As of 2013, the total population of Menyuan Hui Autonomous County was 155,800, of which 128,100 were farmers and herdsmen; there were 22 ethnic groups including Hui, Han, Tibetan, and Mongolia, among which 97,300 were ethnic minorities, mainly Hui, about 7.07 10,000 people, accounting for 62.4%
Menyuan County Festival
Menyuan Rape-Flower Festival: it is held from July 18th to 25th every year, which is the most important festival in Menyuan County.
In the Qin Dynasty, Menyuan was nomadic area
In the perirod of Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms, Menyuan was under the jurisdiction of Xiping County.
In the Sixteen Kingdoms of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, it belonged to the five regimes of Qian-liang, Hou-liang, Nan-liang and Bei-liang successively.
During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, it was a pastureland of the Tuyuhun regime
In the Sui and Tang dynasties, it was occupied by Tubo kingdom
In the Song Dynasty, Menyuan was alternately ruled by local governments such as Xixia, Hehuang, Tubo kingdom and the Song Dynasty.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Menyuan was under the jurisdiction of Xining.
In the 6th year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (AD 1373), Menyuan was arranged to begin to engage in planting production. At the end of Ming Dynasty, it was the Mongolian pastureland.
In the second year of Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty (AD 1724), Datong City (now Menyuan County) was built.
In the 9th year of Qianlong (AD 1744), Datongwei was moved to Chengguan Town in Datong.
In the 26th year of Qianlong (AD 1761),Menyuan county was set up.
In the 18 year of the Republic of China (AD 1929), Menyuan County was established
In 1953, the ethnic regional autonomy regime – Menyuan Hui Autonomous Region was established.
In 1955, it was renamed Menyuan Hui Autonomous County.