Qilian County is also known as “Chilen County“. “Qilian” is the Huns language, the Huns call “sky” the “Qilian”, and Qilian Mountain means “Sky Mountain”. Qilian County belongs to Haibei Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai Province. It is about 285 km from Xining City
It is named because it is located in the middle section of Qilian Mountains, it is adjacent to the Hexi Corridor of Gansu, the main passage of the ancient Silk Road in the north. It is also an important resource-rich area in Qinghai Province. Diversified mineral resources make it a key county for resource development in Qinghai Province.
Best time to travel From July to September
Local climate Plateau continental climate
Most popular sites
Heihe Grand Canyon The 800-kilometer long grand canyon has an average elevation of more than 4,200 meters, of which 70 kilometers are “no man’s land.” There are more than 800 glaciers in the canyon, covering an area of more than 300 square kilometers. The Heihe River that traverses the canyon is the second largest inland river in China. It flows through the three provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Inner Mongolia and is known as the “Mother River of the Hexi Corridor”
Arik Monastery is also known as “Arik Gonchen Ganden Chopeling”. It is 21 kilometers southeast of Babao Town. The temple was built during the Shunzhi period of the Qing Dynasty and it is the largest Gelug monastery in Qilian County. Arik Monastery is located on a hilly grassland, the surrounding green grassland is rolling, very beautiful
Qilian County Geography and Climate
Qilian County is located in the northeast of Qinghai Province. The county’s land area is 14,000 square kilometers. The average elevation in the territory is 3169 meters, and the county seat is 2787 meters above sea level. The annual average temperature of Qilian County is 1℃, and the annual precipitation is about 420 mm. It is a typical plateau continental climate.
Due to the special influence of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau on the atmospheric circulation, the humid air from the southeast monsoon in summer can extend northward and westward and spread to this area;
In winter, affected by the dry and cold air in Inner Mongolia and the cold air currents in the northwest, the temperature in this area is greatly reduced in winter. The annual temperature varies greatly.
Population and ethnic groups
As of 2013, Qilian County has a total population of 50,000, including 15 ethnic groups including Han, Tibetan, Hui, Mongolian, and Salar, among which ethnic minorities account for 79% of the total population.
Qilian County Brief History
Before the Han Dynasty, Qilian was the nomad’s area.
During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, it successively became the former Qin, Qianliang, Houliang, Nanliang, Western Qin, Beiliang and other places of separatist regimes and Tuyuhun territory.
In the Sui Dynasty (AD 581 – AD 618), Qilian was under the jurisdiction of Xihai County.
In the period of Tang Dynasty and the Five Dynasty, Qilian was part of Tubo kingdom, and later the Tubo, Xi-xia and Song dynasties alternately ruled.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Qilian was under the jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom.
In the Ming Dynasty, Qilian was under the jurisdiction of Mongolian power
In the 26th year of Emperor Qianlong (1761) of Qing Dynasty, The eastern Qilian belonged to Datong County, and the rest was under the administration of Xining.
In the 17th year of the Republic of China (1929), Qilian was under the jurisdiction of Menyuan County.
In 1953, Qilian County was established