Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County, referred to as Datong County, also known as “Serkhok County“; It is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Xining City. It is located in the northeast of Qinghai. It belongs to the transition zone of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and Loess Plateau, with an altitude of 2280-4622 meters.
The terrain is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, with a total area of 3090 square kilometers. It was twice named “Hometown of Chinese Folk Culture and Art” by the Ministry of Culture.
Best time to travel June, July, August, September
Local climate Plateau continental climate
Most popular sites
Sujiapu Ancient City The Ancient City of Sujiabao is located in the east of Sujiabao Village, Jingyang Town, and is a provincial key cultural relic protection unit. Its castle is 500 meters long from east and west, 400 meters wide from south and north, and its walls are built with rammed earth slabs.
There is a turret foundation on each of the four corners. The south wall side of the southwestern suburb of the city, and the west wall of the northwest corner, and the south side of the east gate and the west gate, each has a horse track about 30 meters long and 3 meters wide leading to the top of the city wall. The military equipment of the castle has a rigorous and standardized layout and a large scale. It is the only relatively complete ancient castle existing in Qinghai Province.
Ming Great Wall Built in the Ming Dynasty, it is the highest and most well-preserved Ming Great Wall site in the world, with 50,245 meters in existence. From the border of Yan Wang at the junction of Datong and Huzhu County in the east, and at the junction of Datong and Huangzhong County in the west, there are rammed earth walls, mountain walls, trenches, beacon towers, wall trenches, stone walls, and Guanbao. It is an important peripheral fortification of Xining Acropolis. It has been included in the National Great Wall Protection Plan, focusing on protection, development and utilization.
Guanghui monastery, also known as “Tsenpo Gon Ganden Damcholing”; it is located on the north side of Yamenzhuang Village, Dongxia Town, 15 kilometers away from the county seat, it has a history of 360 years. It was built in the early Qing Dynasty. There are many Buddhist and cultural relics in the temple. Gradually restored to its former prosperity. It has become a place for tourism and worshippers to pray for Buddha
Geography and climate
Datong County is located in the Hehuang Valley in the east of Qinghai Province, at the southern foot of Qilian Mountains, it is at the Beichuan River Basin on the upper reaches of Huangshui River. The county seat Qiaotou Town is 35 kilometers away from Xining City and 60 kilometers away from Xining Airport. The county has a total area of 3093 square kilometers.
Datong County has a plateau continental climate, with an average annual temperature of 4.9 degrees, an extreme maximum temperature of 35.6 degrees, an extreme minimum temperature of -26.1 degrees, and a maximum snow thickness of 18 cm.
The annual precipitation is 523 millimeters, the annual average evaporation is 1763 millimeters. The precipitation is at most in August and at least in December. The frost-free period of the year is about 61-133 days, and the annual average sunshine time is 2553 hours
Population and ethnic groups
As of 2012, the total population of Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County is 453,000, including 26 ethnic groups including Han, Hui, Tu, Tibetan, and Mongolian. The majority of ethnic groups are Han, and there are other ethnic groups such as Hui, Tu, and Tibetan. Among them, Hui account for 27% of the total population and Tu account for 9%.
Religion in Datong County
Datong County has five major religions including Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity and Catholicism, which are distributed in 14 towns including Chengguan, Tar and Qiaotou.
As of 2009, there were 166,000 religious believers in Datong County, accounting for 37% of the total population.
The county has approved 126 venues for religious activities, including 117 mosques, 2 Taoist temples, 2 Tibetan Buddhist monasteries, 3 Han Buddhist monasteries, and 1 Christian and Catholic venue each. There are 188 religious staff in the county, and 126 civil management committees have been established
In ancient times, Datong was nomadic area
In the Western Han Dynasty, the Huns in the north and the Qiang people in Huangzhong united and captured the Hexi Corridor,
In the 1st year of Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty (61 BC), Datong was part of the military compound
In the 1st year of Taikang, Emperor Wu of the Western Jin Dynasty (280 AD), Datong area was under the jurisdiction of Xiping County,
At the end of the Western Jin Dynasty (around 310 AD), Datong area was under jurisdiction of Tuyuhun Kingdom.
During the period of the 16 Kingdoms, the Kingdom of Nanliang (397-414 AD), the Datong area was under Nanliang’s jurisdiction.
During the four to five years of Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty (608-609 AD), the Datong area was under jurisdiction of the central government.
In the third year of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty in Longshuo (663 AD), the Datong area was ruled by Tubo kingdom for nearly 200 years.
Xia kingdom was established in 1004, and the Datong area was under the jurisdiction of Xia kingdom
In the 2nd year of Song Huizong Chongning (AD 1103), Datong City was under the jurisdiction of Song Dynasty
In 1127 AD, within a hundred years of the Southern Song Dynasty, Jin and Xixia ruled the eastern part of Qinghai alternately.
At the beginning of the 13th century, Mongolian kingdom rised, and Datong area was under its jurisdiction.
In 1368 AD, the Yuan Dynasty fell, and Datong City began to be under the jurisdiction of the Ming Dynasty.
In the third year of Emperor Yongzheng (AD 1725), Datong ruled by the Qing Dynasty
In the 26th year of Emperor Qianlong (AD 1761), Datong County was established
In 1986, Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County was established in the original administrative area.