Hualong Hui Autonomous County, also known as “Bayan Khar County“, is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Haidong City. It is located in the transition zone between the Loess Plateau and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the eastern part of Qinghai Province. It is 110 kilometers away from the provincial capital Xining. 12 ethnic groups including Han, Tibetan and Salar live in this county. The county seat is Bayan Town with an altitude of 2873 meters. It covers an area of 2740 square kilometers. Hualong County is a large migrant worker county that produces “Lanzhou Ramen”. In 2015, 14,430 ramen shops in 271 large and medium-sized cities in China achieved an operating income of 6 billion yuan (ramen income accounted for 53% of local net income per capita)
The best travel time Spring and summer
Local climate Temperate continental climate
Most popular sites
Xiaqiong Temple, also spelled as “Jakyung Shedrubling monastery“, a provincial cultural relics protection unit, is located in Chafu Township, Hualong County, about 95 kilometers away from the provincial capital Xining. It is a religious and cultural attraction in the scenic area of Hualong County. It was built in 1394. As one of the oldest Tibetan Buddhist temples in Qinghai, Xiaqiong Temple has a total area of 270,000 square meters. It is an ancient architectural complex combining Han and Tibetan artistic styles.
Ma Bufang Mansion, a county-level protection unit, it was built in two stages. The first part was built in 1925, it was the residence of the local warlord Ma Bufang. Its style is simple, elegant and unique. It is a typical local Chinese building
Dandou Temple is known as “Detsa Tashi Choding Monastery”, this monastery is divided into two parts, the lower one is called “Detsa Gompa”, the upper is called “Detsa Tashi Choding”; both are Gelug pa monastery, and it was one of the birthplaces of the second dissemination,
Geography and climate
Hualong Hui Autonomous County is connected to Minhe County to the east; Xunhua and Jianzha County are across the river to the south; Guide County and Huangzhong District are bordered to the west; Ping’an and Ledu are bordered to the north. Hualong Hui Autonomous County has steep mountains and ravines. The terrain is high in the north and low in the south, showing a stepped shape, decreasing from northwest to southeast. The whole territory is 99 kilometers long from east to west, 49 kilometers wide from north to south, the lowest elevation is 1884 meters above sea level, the highest is 4484 meters, generally the altitude of the most areas are between 2600-2800 meters. The Yellow River flows from west to east through the southwest and south of Hualong County, and it belongs to the arid area of the eastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Hualong County is with annual average temperature of 2.2°C, a frost-free period of 89 days, and an average annual rainfall of 470 mm. The territory is windy and arid in winter.
Population and ethnic group
As of 2010, Hualong Hui Autonomous County has a total population of 229,600. The main ethnic minority Hui is about 52% of the total population. There are 12 ethnic groups including Tibetans, Hans, and Salars.
In the pre-Qin period, Hualong area was a pastoral land of the Qiang people.
In 60 BC, Hualong area was under the jurisdiction of Jincheng County.
In 335 AD, Hualong area was under the jurisdiction of Huanghe County.
In 385 AD, Hualong area belonged to Houliang.
In 445 AD, Hualong area now under the jurisdiction of Shanshan Town (Xining City).
In 553 AD, it was renamed Hualong County. This wa s the beginning of using the name of “Hualong County”
In 607 AD, Hualong County was under the jurisdiction of Diaohe County, which was later classified as Xiping County.
In 655 AD, ualong County was under the jurisdiction of Kuozhou.
In 712 AD, The name of Hualong County was changed to Huacheng County.
In 742 AD, it was renamed as Guangwei County.
In 758 AD, it was renamed as Guozhou
In 763 AD, Hualong County was under the jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom
In 851 AD, Hualong County was restored to Tang dynasty
At the end of the Tang Dynasty, Hualong area was under the rule of the Tubo local forces.
In 1099 AD, after the Northern Song Dynasty occupied the Hehuang area, Hualong area belonged to Shanzhou
In 1137 AD, Xixia kingdom occupied Hualong area and other places,
In 1227 AD, Hualong area was under the jurisdiction of Xining
In 1373 AD, Hualong area belonged to Xiningwei (Xining City)
In the 2nd year of the Republic of China (1913), Hualong area was attached to Xining Dao, Gansu Province.
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), Qinghai was established as a province, and Hualong area was part of Qinghai Province
In 1953, Hualong Hui Autonomous Region was reorganized,
In 1955, it was renamed Hualong Hui Autonomous County,
In 1978, Hualong Hui Autonomous County was placed under the Haidong city