Jianzha County is spelled as “Jainca County” or “Jentsa County” or “Chentsa County” in Tibetan language; it is located in the southeast of Qinghai Province and the north of Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. The northeastern part of Jianzha County faces the Hualong Hui Autonomous County with the Yellow River as the boundary, Xunhua Salar Autonomous County in the southeast, Guide County in the west, and Tongren countyin the south. The county is about 87 kilometers long from north to south and 48 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 1,714 square kilometers. Jianzha County is one of the birthplaces of the Second Propagation of Tibetan Buddhism. Kambala National Geological Park is famous for its “Danxia” landform. There are 3 main tibetan budhism monasteries of Achung Namdzong monastery, Tashi Namyeling, and Samten Chopeling in this GEO park.
It is also the training base of the Chinese national team for rowing and kayaking on the Qinghai plateau, and the only “Archery county” of China minority tribes
Best time to travel May, June, July, August, September, Ocotber
Local climate Plateau continental climate
Most popular sites
Kambala National GEO Park, A typical Danxia landform, integrating natural, Tibetan buddhism and cultural
Achung Namdzong monastery, Located in the center area of Kambala National Geological Park, about 5 kilometers away from Nandzong valley, it is a Nyingma pa monastery, which has a history of more than 1,100 years
Lamo Dechen monastery, It was built in the Huichang year of Tang Dynasty (AD 842). In the Qing Dynasty, the cliff was cut into many holes, in which a buddhist hall and one statue of Buddha was built in. It is also known as “Vahra cliff monastery” due to most of the buildings of this monastery were built in the natual made or had made caves on the cliff. It is unique because of its unique mountain shape and strange landform. The monastery now still has twenty-eight ancient natural and hand – built halls, and the cultural relics in the collection include 1,136 various Buddha statues, sculptures, scroll paintings, murals, gold and silver handwritten secrets from the Northern Wei Dynasty.
Angla Qianhu Manor, Angla Qianhu means Angla Thousand-Family; Angla Qianhu Manor was built in 1947 AD and was originally a residence of Angla Thousand-family living in Jianzha county. According to historical records, Angla Qianhu was the descendant of the 41st king of the Tubo kingdom, Ralpacan. In order to guard the border and collect taxes, in 492 AD, the Minister of the Tubo kingdom arrrived and began to Live in this area, then became the leader of Jianzha county.
In 1657, during the Qianlong reign of the Qing Dynasty, Zu dorje, one of his descendants, was named Angla Thousand Households. Xiang Qian was the seventh generation of Angla Thousands Households, and found this manor, which is currently one of the most well-preserved Tibetan manors among many old houses in Qinghai Province.
Jianzha County Geography and climate
The terrain of Jianzha County is higher in the west and lower in the east. The lowest elevation is 1960 meters, the highest elevation is 4,614 meters, and the relative elevation difference is 2654 meters. There are obvious vertical differences in river valleys, low-mountain hills and middle-high mountains. The mountain ranges in the territory belong to the westward dipping mountains. There are 5 big mountains from the southwest to the northwest, and all of which are over 3500 meters above sea level.
Population and ethnic groups
As of 2011, the total population is 55,000, of which Tibetans account for about 67% of the total population.
Jianzha County is the junction of the Loess Plateau and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the fusion area of the Central Plains culture and the Qiang-Tibet culture, and the intersection of farming civilization and grassland civilization. The unique geographical environment, clear cultural context, and the fusion of various ethnic and religious cultures make the cultural form of Jianzha region present a typical diversity. Qiangrong culture, Xianbei culture, Han culture, Tubo culture and other cultural forms alternate and blend, complement each other, and finally form a fluid, open, and conformable regional culture. Jianzha is a natural museum for studying the history, culture and folk customs of Qiang and Tibet..
Jianzha County Brief history
It was Nomad area in the Qin and early Western Han Dynasty.
In the second year of Emperor Xuanjue of the Western Han Dynasty (60 BC), it was under the jurisdiction of Heguan county.
In the seventh year of Emperor Huai’s Yongjia in the Western Jin Dynasty (313 AD), the Jianzha area was the Tuyuhun activity site.
During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the Jianzha area belonged to Heyin Town of Guide.
In the fifth year of Jiande in the Northern Zhou Dynasty (AD 576), Jianzha was named as “Dahua County”
In the sixth year of Emperor Gaozong’s Yonghui in the Tang Dynasty (AD 655 ), Jianzha was under the jurisdiction of Michuan County
In the Yuan Dynasty, Jianzha was under the jurisdiction of Guide,
In the 2nd year of Republic of China (1913), Jianzha county was first time appeared but still under the jurisdiction of Guide County.
In 1953, Jianzha County was officially established and under the jurisdiction of Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous prefecture