Guide County, also known as “Trika County” in Tibetan, is located in the eastern part of Qinghai Province, situated on the south bank of the Yellow River. The Yellow River Bridge connects the north and south banks, and the Yellow River flows through the territory for 76.8 kilometers. Guide is about 3504 square kilometers, and it is surrounded by mountains. On the way from Xining, there are numerous peaks of Danxia landform on both sides of the river bank. It stretches for hundreds of kilometers and has unique and charming scenery. In addition to the clear water of the Yellow River, the most representative attraction of Guide is the “Jade Emperor Pavilion”, a building in the Ming Dynasty. The Pear Blossom Art Festival in April also attracts a large number of tourists.
Most popular sites
La Ji Mountain the boundary mountain between Huangzhong County and Guide County, the road that must pass through from Xining to Guide
Guide National Geopark The scenic spot is composed of seven Danxia Canyons with different colors and shapes. The scene is spectacular; it also contains scenic spots: Guide National Geological Park-Ashigong Colorful Peaks
Guide Ancient City a complex of buildings in the Ming Dynasty, with a history of more than 600 years, it also contains attractions: Yuhuang Pavilion
Yellow River Qing Bridge The largest chain suspension bridge on the Yellow River in Qinghai
Best travel time
Guide County is located in the transitional zone between the Loess Plateau and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with long hours of sunshine, strong solar radiation, drought and little rain. April is the season for pear blossoms in Guide, and July-August is the season for rape blossoms on Laji Mountain. Snow will cover the color of the Danxia landform in winter, so April to August is the best time to visit Guide
Transportation in Guide county
There are many Taxis in Guide county, most of those are on the streets and alleys. The starting price is 6 yuan per kilometer, 1.1 yuan per kilometer after the first 1 or 1.5 kilometers.
Chartered car: The chartered car is the first choice for most visitors. The cost is not very high. You can park and take pictures at any time during the drive. It is relatively free. The price of a one-day chartered car from Xining to Guide is between 500-600 yuan one way
Transportation to connect Guide
Xining Caojiabao Airport, currently has multiple routes to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Xi’an, Urumqi, Chengdu, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Kunming, Dunhuang, Golmud, Qingdao, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Changsha, Yinchuan, etc.
Address: Huzhu Caojiapu, Haidong District
Phone: +86 971 818-8222
Airport shuttle bus
Departure route: Airport — Qinghai Hotel — Central Square — Xining Hotel — Wuyi Road — Qiyi Road — Bayi Road Xining Airport City Terminal (to the airport waiting point).
Departure time: It departs according to the flight. The first and last buses are 30 minutes after the arrival of the flight. Passengers going to the airport depart from the airport at 06:00am . The departure time is generally about one and a half to two hours earlier than the departure time
Bus ticket rate: 21 RMB per person
The nearest railway station to Guide is Xining Railway Station. Xining Railway Station is the only railway station in Xining City. It currently departs for Lanzhou, Jiayuguan, Golmud, Urumqi, Yinchuan, Xi’an, Zhengzhou, Beijing, Lhasa, Wuchang, Qingdao, Shanghai, Jinan, Chongqing, Chengdu, Shenyang, Guangzhou, etc. with train series of D, T, Z, K trains.
Address: Jianguo Road, Chengdong District
Arrival traffic: The bus station of Xining Railway Station has buses to the city and surrounding towns and cities. The bus station has 7 platforms, of which platforms 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 are bus platforms. Among them, platform 3 will stop at bus 31, 16, 104, and 107; platform 4 will stop at bus 20, 28, 7, and 27; Platform 5 will stop at bus 9, 5 and 103; Platform 6 will stop at bus 3 and 11; Platform 7 will stop at bus 1, 40
Xining Railway Station-Xining Nanchuan West Road Bus Station: by bus lines 27, 7, 23, 3; and get off at Liuyiqiao Station
It is most convenient to transfer from Xining to Guide. There is a bus to Guide departing from Nanchuan West Road Bus station.
Xining Nanchuan West Road Bus Station
From 7:45am – 17:20pm, one bus departs to Guide every half an hour every day, the rate is 26 yuan/person, and the bud-ride takes about 2 hours.
Address: No. 4, Nanchuan West Road, Chengxi District
Phone: +86 971 625-3203
Guide Bus Station
Address: 260 Yingbin West Road, Guide County
Phone: +86 974 855-3376
–Yellow River Cruise Line (Guide Section)
Nina Power Station — Yellow River Bridge — Yellow River Suspension Bridge — Xijitan — Ashgon — Lijiaxia Hydropower Station
Boarding location: South Bank of the New Yellow River Bridge Or North Bank of the Old Bridge
The cruise ship does not accept individual passengers, only groups of 10 people and above are chartered: the journey from Guide to Lijiaxia Hydropower Station takes about 1.5 hours, and usually sails from March to September.
The West Han Dynasty (60 BC) Guide was under the jurisdiction of Heguan County, Jincheng (Lanzhou) County.
In the eleventh year of the East Jin Dynasty (AD386), Jiaohe County was established.
In the second year of Wude of Tang dynasty (AD 619), Jiaohe County was renamed as Kouzhou.
In the first year of Baoyou of the South Song Dynasty and the third year of Mongolian Menggehan (AD 1253), after the extermination of Jin Dynasty, the Tubo Marshal’s Mansion was established in Hezhou (now Linxia, ??Gansu province), and the Xuanwei Division of Guide Prefecture was set up, and The name “Guide” appeared for the first time.
From the Yuan Dynasty to the eighth year of the Yuan Dynasty (AD 1271), Guide zhou was officially established, which belonged to Hezhou region of Shaanxi Province.
In the third year of Hongwu of Ming Dynasty (AD 1370), Guide zhou was changed to Dezhou, and in the eighth year of Hongwu (AD 1375), it was changed to Dezhou as Guide Guarding Households, under the jurisdiction of Hezhouwei in Lintaofu.
At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, the Guide Guarding Households was subordinated to Hezhouwei. In the fourth year of Yongzheng, Hezhouwei was abolished and then under the Lintao Mansion. In the third year of Qianlong (AD 1738), the governing authority was changed from Lintao Mansion to Xining Mansion. In the fifty-sixth year of Qianlong (AD 1761), the name of Guide was restored.
In the second year of the Republic of China (1913), the Guide Office was changed to Guide County, which was subordinate to Gansu Province.
In the seventeenth year of the Republic of China (1928), Qinghai was established as a province, and Guide was under the jurisdiction of Qinghai Province.
In September of 1949, Guide County was officially established
Geography and Climate
Guide County is located in the eastern part of Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai Province. It is 63.4 kilometers wide from east to west and 90.6 kilometers long from north to south. It lies between Longyangxia and Lijiaxia on the upper reaches of the Yellow River. The county seat is in He-yin Town, 114 kilometers away from Xining, the provincial capital, and 158 kilometers away from Chapcha, the capital of Hainan Tibetan Prefecture. It is adjacent to Guinan County and Gonghe County to the west. The average altitude is 2200 meters, the highest point Zhamarigan Mountain, 5011 meters, the lowest point at the mouth of Sumba Gorge, 2170 meters. The Yellow River flows through the territory of 76.8km, and there are many wetlands in the section from Laxiwa to Ashgon. The area of the Yellow River Wetland Park is 4,516 square kilometers, and the aquatic plants are mainly reeds and cattails. Guide County is full of ravines, mountains and rivers, presenting multi-level river terraces and basin hilly landforms. The terrain is high from north to south and low in the middle, forming a valley basin surrounded by mountains.
Guide is in deep inland, has a plateau continental climate, long sunshine hours and strong solar radiation. Spring is dry and windy, summer is short and cool, autumn is wet and rainy, winter is long and dry, and the temperature varies greatly from morning to evening. The annual average temperature is 7.2℃, the extreme maximum temperature over the years is 34℃, and the extremely low temperature is -23.8℃.
As of 2013, Guide County had a total population of 110,000, including 15 ethnic groups including Han, Tibetan, Hui and Tu. among of them, Tibetan account for about 33.5% of the total population.
Judging from the excavated cultural sites, there are “Majiayao” culture, “Kayo Culture”, “Yangshao Culture”, “Kunlun Culture”, “Tangwang Culture”, “Yellow River Culture” and other early human cultural heritages in the territory. The ancient castles of the Tang Dynasty and the pavilions of the Ming and Qing Dynasties recorded the history and cultural development of Guide.In 1985, the Cultural Relics Management Office discovered 58 ancient cultural sites in Guide County. The unearthed cultural relics include choppers, stone knives, and stone shovel from the Neolithic Age; Pottery jars from the Bronze Period; iron chariots, copper seals, and five baht coins from the Han Dynasty; Ancient bells of the Yuan Dynasty; Seals of Biliweihu in the Ming Dynasty, gold medal letter talisman, Xuande bronze furnace, etc.
Historically, the Silk Road and the Tang-Tibetan Ancient Road were staggered and extended within the territory, which was the link between the Central Plains and the Western Regions in politics, economy, and culture. In the second year of Shenjue of the West Han Dynasty, the road from Heguan County (now Guide County) to Jinyu (Lanzhou) was built, and built the road from Linqiang to Guiyi (now Garang) in the second year of the East Han Dynasty. Tuguhun opened up the post road from Guide to Hezhou, and the post road from Guide to Xining was built in the third year of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty. According to the “Book of the Later Han Dynasty·The Biography of Xiqiang”, in the 5th year of He Emperor of Han Dynasty, multiple pontoons were built to connect the two banks in the west of Horjia near the Guide River.
Guide County Festival
Pear blossom Arts festival is held from the end of April to the beginning of May is a large-scale mass garden fair in Guide County. At the Festival, there are also activities such as material exchanges…
Layi festival Every year, on June 22nd of the lunar calendar, Guide organizes the “June Meeting and Material Exchange Conference”, formerly known as the “June Layi Meeting”. It was a grand event for singing “Flowers” and Tibetan “Mixed Music” which is with history of more than ten Years, and now it has become a large-scale material exchange meeting lasting for 3-4 days, with different performance.