The full name of Minhe County is Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County; it is also known as “Kamalok County” in Tibetan.
It is located on the eastern edge of Qinghai Province. It is connected to Yongdeng County of Gansu Province and Honggu District of Lanzhou City to the northeast, Yongjing County of Gansu Province to the east, Jishishan County of Gansu Province across the Yellow River to the south. It is adjacent to Xunhua County, Hualong County, and Ledu District in the west, northwest and north. The county is about 96 kilometers long from north to south and 32 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 1891 square kilometers.
Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County is an important grain, vegetable, and fruit production area in Qinghai Province, and enjoys the reputation of “Hometown of Melons and Fruits” in the whole province. Minhe beef cattle is a local specialty and also a product protected by the national geographic indication of agricultural products
Best time to travel Spring and summer
Local climate Temperate continental climate
Most popular sites
Honghua Temple, also known as “Shangparsi Samten dargyeling”, is Gelug pa monastery. It is located more than 60 kilometers southeast of the county seat of Minhe. It was built in 1443 with a history of more than 600 years. It covers an area of nearly 100 acres and has 30 large and small halls.
Geography and climate
Minhe County is a transition zone from the Loess Plateau to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The terrain is high in the northwest, low in the southeast, and mostly high mountains in the southwest. The highest altitude is 4220 meters, the lowest is 1650 meters, and the average altitude is 2100-2500 meters. There are ravines in the territory, overlapping mountains and complex terrain. In this county, the annual average temperature is 9℃, the annual precipitation is about 292 mm, and the frost-free period is 198 days.
Population and ethnic group
As of 2012, the total population of the county was 428,800. Minhe Hui and Tu Nationality Autonomous County is dominated by Han people, and the minority nationalities are mainly Hui, Tu, Tibetan, etc.
During the Xia, Shang, and Wednesday dynasties, Minhe area was one of the habitats of Qiang Rong.
In 221 BC, Qin Dynasty unified ancient China, Minhe area was one of the Northwest Frontier under the jurisdiction of Longxi County
In 81 BC, Minhe area was part of Jincheng County, which belonged to Lanzhou
From 89 to 104 AD, Longqi City was built in Minhe area.
From 107 to 125 AD, Baitu County was established in Minhe area which was under the jurisdiction of Jincheng County.
In 301-302 AD, Jinxing County was established within Minhe area
In the Northern Wei Dynasty, Beijincheng County was established within Minhe area, and it was under the jurisdiction of Xiping County.
In 553 AD, Beijincheng County was changed to Longzhi County.
In 598 AD, Xidu County was changed to Huangshui County, the Northwest of Minhe area was under its jurisdiction
In 763 AD, it was occipied by Tubo kingdom
In 851 AD, Tang dynasty had reclaimed Minhe area
In 1015 AD, Minhe area was again under the jurisdiction of the Xisilao regime
In 1303 AD, the Song Dynasty regained the Hehuang area, Minhe area belonged to Huang and Le two states successively.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Minhe area belonged to Xining Prefecture.
In 1373 AD, the Gushan Qianhu Office was established in Minhe area
From 1403-124 AD, in the tea-horse trade, Minhe area was an important trading spot of the Tea-horse trading route
From 1573 to 1620 AD, Minhe was the key guarding fortress to guard Xining city
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), Qinghai was established as a province, and Minhe area was under its jurisdiction
In the 19th year of the Republic of China (1930), The County of Minhe was established
In 1985, Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County was established