Diebu County also known as “Tewo County“, means “thumb” in Tibetan , it is said to be the place where the mountain god “pressed”
Diebu County is under the jurisdiction of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. Located in the western Qinling Mountains, in the valley between Minshan and Dieshan. It borders Zhuoni County in the north, Zhouqu County in the east, Min County of Dingxi City and Dangchang County of Longnan City in the northeast, Zoige County and Jiuzhaigou County in the southwest.
It has an area of 5108 square kilometers and a population of 56,400. The forest coverage rate is over 54%, and there are also giant pandas. At present, Gannan Prefecture and Diebu County are actively striving to list here as the 14th nature reserve for giant pandas in China
Best travel time From June to August
Most popular sites
Nine Dragon valley, It is cut from the Bailong River in the geological tectonic movement for years that forming a majestic and majestic huge canyon. The cliffs on both sides of the north and south are more than 800 meters in vertical height. The cliffs on both sides are only tens of meters wide and separated by only Bailong River. The north bank belongs to the Dieshan mountain range and the south bank belongs to the Minshan mountain range.
The ruins of the ancient Diezhou City is located in Rannao Village, Dianga Township, the eastern suburbs of Diebu County, on the platform on the north bank of the Bailong River. The city is about 1,000 meters long from east to west and 450 meters wide from north to south. The walls are built according to the terrain, the city outline is irregular pentagonal, and an inner city is built in the northeast of the city.
Zhagana is a natural wonder with peculiar topography at the southern foot of Dieshan Mountain. Zhagana means “in a stone box” in Tibetan, and its topography resembles a huge palace on a grand scale and a complete ancient city built of rocks. To its north is the majestic pinnacle of the main ridge of Dieshan Mountain. The other three sides are surrounded by mountains covering by trees and bushes, which are like tall city walls, enclosing the four villages and one temple in Zhagana. Among them, Dongwa Village and Sangla Monastery are located in the center of the small basin.
Diebu County Geography and climate
Diebu County is 110 kilometers long from east to west and 75 kilometers wide from north to south. The terrain is high in the west and low in the east, sloping from northwest to southeast
The Bailong River traverses the whole territory from west to east and divides the mountains into two parts: the north mountains are collectively called Dieshan, and the south mountains are collectively called Minshan.
According to the topography and geomorphology, the whole territory can be divided into three natural geographic regions with very different geographic landscapes.
The valley area along the river in the middle, the altitude is from 1500 meters to 1800 meters above sea level, the lowest is 1500 meters. This region is the main farmland distribution area.
The Northern Area (Dieshan mountain) , with an altitude of 3,600 to 4,488 meters and a relative elevation difference of 1,500 to 1,900 meters.
The southern Area (Minshan Mountains), the terrain is high in the south and low in the north, with large undulations. The altitude is 2400m to 4100m, and the relative height difference is 1000m-1700m. It is an eroded structural medium-high mountainous area.
Diebu County is located in the transitional zone between continental climate and oceanic climate. The dry and wet seasons are distinct, and the monsoon climate features are prominent. Precipitation is mostly concentrated in summer, with little wind and rain in spring, continuous rain in autumn, and there is no severe cold in winter and hot summer along the river valley; The annual average temperature is between 8-11°C, the frost-free period is 147 days, and the precipitation is 634.6 mm, mostly from May to September.
Population and ethnic group
As of the end of 2017, the permanent population of Diebu County was 54,000. There are Tibetan, Hui and Mongolian ethnic groups in Diebu County. Among them, 36,000 are Tibetans, accounting for 72% of the total population.
Diebu County Brief History
During the Xia and Shang dynasties, the ancient Diezhou area belonged to the Liangzhou area recorded in
In the Western Han Dynasty, Wudu County was established, and the eastern Diebu area was governed by Wudu.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Diebu area was separated and belonged to different Qiang tribes.
In the 6th year of Jianxing of the Shu kingdom (AD 227), after the Shu captured Wudu and Yinping County, the Diebu area was then under the jurisdiction of Shu kingdom. The main peak of Die Mountain in the north became the boundary mountain of Wei and Shu.
In the 1st year of Yanxing of the Shu kingdom (AD 263), Diebu was occupied by Wei Kingdom
In the Western Jin Dynasty, the southern part of Diebu county was under the jurisdiction of Yinping County (currently, Wen County).
During the Eastern Jin Dynasty and the 16 Kingdoms, Diebu area was under the jurisdiction of Tuyuhun regime.
In the Tang Dynasty, Diebu area was under the jurisdiction of the central government.
In the 1st year of Baoying (AD 762), Diebu area were occupied by Tubo kingdom.
In the Northern Song Dynasty, the tribe leader “Rgyal Sras (AD 997 – 1065)” established a local government in the Gansu and Qinghai area, and tit was attached to the Northern Song Dynasty. Diebu area was within its control.
In the 2nd year of Kaixi (AD 1206) of Song dynasty, Diebu area was occupied by Jin regime
In AD 1236, Diebu area was occupied by Mongolian Khanate
In the Yuan Dynasty, Diebu area was under the jurisdiction of Do Kham of Tubo kingdom
In the 4th year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (AD 1371), Taozhou Qianhu were set up, Diebu area of the south of the Bailong River were under the jurisdiction of Songpan
In the 13th year of Emperior Qianlong (AD 1748) of Qing Dynasty, Diebu area belonged to Gongchang Mansion.
In the 2nd year of the Republic of China (AD 1913) Diebu area was under the jurisdiction of Lintan County.
In 1950, Diebu area belonged to the Minxian Prefecture of Gansu Province.
In 1962, Diebu County was formally established,