Zhuoni County, also known as “Cho-ne County” in Tibetan, is a county under Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Gansu Province. It covers an area of 5694 square kilometers. The county seat is Liulin Town.
Zhuoni County is located in southern Gansu province, in the southeast of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is home to ethnic minorities with beautiful scenery.
Best travel time from June to August
Local climate Plateau continental climate
Most popular sites
Dayugou National Tourist Attraction is located in Dayugou, some 30 kilometers away from the county with a total area of 10,5214 hectares and a forest coverage rate of over 90%. It is a relatively concentrated tourist resource in Gannan Prefecture, with high grade and representative scenic spots. The natural scenery integrating the mountain, the stone, the water, and the forest.
Cho-ne Gonchen is also called “Cho-ne Gonchen Ganden Shedrubling“. It is about half a kilometer northwest of Zhuoni County and was built in 1295 AD. As the oldest Tibetan Buddhism monastery in the Amdo area, Cho-ne Gonchen is with history of more than 400 years longer than Labrang Monastery. In the very beginning, it was Nyingma pa monastery, and then transfer to Sakya pa monastery, and finally converted to be a Gelug pa monastery; the architecture of the temple is typical Tibetan-Chinese combined style, and the monastery holds more than 10,000 Buddhist scriptures.
Geography and climate
Zhuoni County is adjacent to Min and Zhang County in the east, Diebu County in Gannan Prefecture in the south, Zoige County in Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province in the southwest, Luqu County and Hezuo City of Gannan Prefecture in the west, and Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture in the north, and its central area is connected with Lintan County of Gannan Prefecture.
Zhuoni County is mostly hilly terrain. The terrain is high in the southwest and low in the northeast, tilting from the southwest to the northeast. There is only one main mountain range called “Xiqing Mountain”, which is the western part of the Qinling Mountains. The highest peak in the territory is located on the southern border of the county with an altitude of 4,920 meters. The lowest point is located in Eastern Zangbawa village with an altitude of 2,000 meters.
Zhuoni County is cold and humid, and the four seasons are not distinct. The climate is short sunshine, small temperature difference, abundant and uneven precipitation, high land and many forests, and high humidity. The county’s annual average temperature is 5.6℃, the highest temperature is 33.5℃, the lowest temperature is -19.2℃, the annual precipitation is 487 mm, and the frost-free period is 114 days.
Population and ethnic group
As of the end of 2018, Zhuoni County has a total population of 110,700. Zhuoni County is a multi-ethnic settlement area dominated by Tibetans;
During Neolithic period, it was Qiang tribes area
During the Xia, Shang and Zhou periods, Zhuoni area belonged to Yongzhou region.
During the Chun, Qiu and Warring States Period, Zhuoni area was the land of Qin dynasty.
In the period of Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty, Zhuoni area was under the jurisdiction of Longxi County
During the period of the Three Kingdoms, Zhuoni area belonged to Wei State,
During the period of the 16 Kingdoms, the northeast of the county was under the jurisdiction of Lintao County, and the northwest was occupied by Tuyuhun regime.
In the Tang Dynasty, Zhuoni area was under the jurisdiction of Longyou region
In the 1st year of Emperor Suzong of the Tang Dynasty (AD 758), Zhuoni area was governed by Tubo kingdom.
During the Song Dynasty, it was taken back by the central government
In the Jin Dynasty, Zhuoni area was under the jurisdiction of Taozhou on Lintao counties.
In the Yuan Dynasty, Zhuoni area was under the jurisdiction of Do me (Amdo)
In the Ming Dynasty, huoni area was under the jurisdiction of Taozhou Qianhusuo
In the Qing Dynasty, Tusi(chieftain) system begun to rule this region, and it was under the jurisdiction of Taozhou Qianhusuo
In the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), Zhuoni governance bureau was set up
In the 33rd year of the Republic of China (1944), the first non-tusi system of national administration began to be established in Zhuoni
In 1950, Zhuoni Autonomous Region Working Committee and Zhuoni Autonomous Region Administrative Committee were established, under the Minxian Prefecture of Gansu Province.
In 1953, Zhuoni County was established, under the Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Gansu Province.
In 1958, Zhuoni county was merged together with Lintan county to be Lintan County.
In 1961, Zhuoni County was restored.