Luchu County, also spelled as “Luqu County” belongs to Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, located in the southwest of Gannan Prefecture, on the eastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, at the junction of Gannan, Qinghai and Sichuan provinces. It borders Xiahe County to the north, Zhuoni County to the east, Maqu County to the southwest, Henan Mongolian Autonomous County of Qinghai Province to the west, and Zoige County of Sichuan Province to the south. The county seat is 78 kilometers away from Hezuo City.
“Luqu” is the Tibetan homophony of the river originating here—Taohe, which means spring river. The natural landscape in Luchu integrates snow-capped mountains, grasslands, forests, stone forests, rivers, etc. The annual Xianglang Festival is a grand event for the Tibetan people
Best travel time from June to August
Local Climate Plateau humid climate zone, winter is long, and summer is short and cool, spring and autumn are short,
Most popular sites
Zecha Stone Forest was listed as a national nature reserve in 1998. It is located in Zecha Village, about 52 kilometers south of Luchu County. The scenic area is 22 kilometers long and covers an area of more than 20,000 hectares. It is a rare comprehensive tourist area in China that integrates forests, grasslands and stone forests.
Langmusi also known as “Taktsang Lhamo“. It is a Tibetan Buddhist temple, with two parts, one of which is in Luchu county, another is in sichuan province;
Xicang monastery, also known as “Garda Gompa” in Tibetan. It was founded in 1839, and being built on the basis of several small local small temples, so it is also called the “Xicang New Monastery”
Geography and climate
Luchu County is 126 kilometers long from east to west, 90 kilometers wide from north to south, with a total area of 5189 square kilometers. The county’s elevation is between 3000 and 4000 meters, with an average elevation of 3,500 meters. The terrain of Luchu County is high in the west and low in the east. It consists of two major terrains: basin and mountain. The west is a plateau and mountains, the east is steep mountains on both sides of the Tao River, and the valley is the main agricultural planting area;
Luchu County belongs to the plateau humid climate zone of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau climate zone, with long winter
but short summer, short springs and autumns, annual average temperature of 2.3℃, no absolute frost-free period, annual precipitation of 633 to 782 mm, and annual total sunshine hours of 2358 hours
Luchu County Population and ethnic group
As of the end of 2017, Luchu County has a permanent population of 38,000, 87% of whom are Tibetans. There are other ethnic groups in Luchu County: Han, Hui, Dongxiang, Tu, Baoan, Manchu, Mongolian, and Salar.
Luchu County Brief history
In the Neolithic Age, Qiang ancestors lived in this area.
In the early Han Dynasty, it belonged to Qiangliu tribe
During the period of Three Kingdoms, it belonged to “Wei”.
In the Northern Wei Dynasty, it was occupied by Tubaohun regime.
In the 1st year of Daye (AD 605) of Sui Dynasty, It was under the jurisdiction of Lintao County.
After the Anshi Rebellion, Luchu area was occupied by Tubo kingdom
In the Southern Song Dynasty, Luchu area was under the jurisdiction of Do Kham
After the unification of the Mongolian and Yuan Dynasties, Luchu area was under the jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom
In the Ming Dynasty, Luchu area was under the jurisdiction of Taozhou wei.
In the Qing Dynasty, Luchu area became two parts, one was occupied by Heshuote tribe, and the other part was under the jurisdiction of Taozhou Wei.
In the 13th year of Qianlong (AD 1748), Luchu area was under the jurisdiction of Gansu Province.
In 1955, Luchu County officially established