Xiahe county, also known as “Sangchu County” in Tibetan, is a county under Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, it is named after Daxia River in its territory.
Xiahe County is located in the southwest of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. It borders Hezuo City in the east, Luqu County in the south, Linxia County, Xunhua County, and Tongren County of Qinghai Province to the north, and Zeku County of Qinghai Province to the west. Covering an area of 6674 square kilometers, the county seat is Labrang Town.
Best travel time It is suitable for all seasons, summer and autumn are the best.
Local climate Cold and humid
Most popular sites
Labrang Monastery is a masterpiece of Tibetan culture in the ancient Amdo region. It is not only a treasure house of literature and art, but also a museum of historical materials and cultural relics. This treasure house of Tibetan classics, historical archives and classic scriptures is preserved with numerous volumes. According to the statistics of “Labrang Monastery General Bibliography”, there are more than 65,000 sutra books, among which there are 380 kinds of biography.
Ruins of the Octagonal City, The octagonal city has a total length of 2193.4 meters and it is in the shape of a hollow cross. It has eight corners, so it is called the octagonal city. The octagonal city was an important military town that had been fiercely contested between the central government of China and Tuyuhun regime, Tubo kingdom and Xixia kingdom in history. It was listed as a key cultural relics protection unit in Gansu Province in 1981
Sangke Grassland is located in Xiahe, 10 kilometers away from the county seat. Sangke grassland is a meadow grassland with an average elevation of over 3000 meters and a grassland area of 70 square kilometers. It is one of the main animal husbandry bases of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.
Geography and climate
Xiahe County is located on the northeastern edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The terrain slopes from northwest to southeast, and the altitude is between 3000m-3800m.
The climate in Xiahe County is cold and humid. The annual average temperature is 2.6°C, the average annual precipitation is 516 mm, the average annual frost-free period is 56 days, and the annual sunshine time is 2,296 hours.
The rivers in Xiahe County belong to the Yellow River system, mainly including Daxia River and Tao River. Among them, the Daxia River flows through 1 town and 6 townships, with a drainage area of 4,545 square kilometers and 104 kilometers of internal flow.
Population and ethnic group
As of March 2013, the total population of Xiahe County was 87,800, of which the Tibetan population accounted for 82%. There are 18 ethnic groups including Tibet, Han and Hui…etc, in Xiahe.
From Shang Dynasty to the early Han Dynasty, Xiahe area was the Qiang Rong pasture.
In the 6th year of Emperor Zhao of Western Han Dynasty (BC 81), Baishi County (Xiahe region) was established and under jurisdiction of Jincheng County.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, it was under jurisdiction of Longxi County.
In the Western Jin Dynasty, Xiahe area was under jurisdiction of Jinxing County, and was later occupied by Tuyuhun regime
From the 16 Kingdoms to the Sui Dynasty, most of Xiahe area belonged to Hezhou.
In the 13th year of Tianbao in the Tang Dynasty (AD 754), Xiahe area was set up as a military base;
During the Anshi Rebellion of the Tang Dynasty, the Xiahe area was occupied by Tubo kingdom
In the Northern Song Dynasty, Xiahe area was under jurisdiction of Huaiqiang County, and later it was under the jurisdiction of the Gan and Qing tibetan.
At the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, it belonged to Xunhua Region,
In the 48th year of Emperor Kangxi (AD 1709), Labrang Monastery was established, and the surrounding monasteries were successively attached to it. The Qing government then set up Labrang Sub-Mansion in Labrang and was attached to Xunhua County
In the 60th year of Qianlong’s reign (AD 1795), Labrang Monastery was set up as a “sangcang” that to directly manage political and religious affairs and civil cases in 13 villages around the temple.
In the 15th year of the Republic of China (AD 1926), the Gansu Provincial Government demarcated Labrang from Xunhua County.
In the 16th year of the Republic of China (AD 1927), the three counties of Linxia, Lintan, and Xunhua were set up administrative bureaus in Labrang. The jurisdiction includes the three counties of Jinxiahe, Luqu, and Maqu, which are directly under the Gansu Provincial Government.
In the 17th year of the Republic of China (1928), Labrang was established to govern the county and was renamed as “Xiahe County” because that the Daxia River traverses the county
In the 30th year of the Republic of China (1941), the “Yicang” of Labrang Monastery was established to take charge of the political, religious, and military affairs of the whole temple and its affiliated monasteries and tribes.
In 1949, Xiahe County was established
In 1958, Xiahe County was abolished and Deulu City was established
In 1961, it was restored to Xiahe County.