Maqin County, also known as “Machen County” in Tibetan, is a national “Three Rivers Source” ecological protection area. It is located in the mountains and valleys area of the upper reaches of the Yellow River on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the southeast of Qinghai Province. Maqin County is a large animal husbandry county with a large area of pastures. The county has a total area of 13,460 square kilometers, of which 1.175 million hectares of pastures. Maqin has a typical plateau and mountainous areas with an average elevation of more than 4,100 meters. The county capital seat is Dawu (Tawu) Town.
Best travel time June, July, August, September
Local climate Continental plateau climate
Most popular sites
Mt Amnye Marchen is a branch of the Kunlun Mountains. It is located in the northwest of Maqin County, approximately 86 kilometers away from Dawu Town. One of the peaks that is open to climbers.
White Pagoda is located at the intersection of Yinke River in Xueshan Township, about 3650 meters above sea level. In the hall on the back of the White Pagoda, murals (Thangka) were painted on the surrounding walls, telling the legends of Mt Amnye Marchen.
Yangyu virgin forests are mainly distributed in the valleys on the south bank of the Yellow River in Rabgya, Dawu, Dongqing valley, Xueshan Township. The forest area is about 799 square kilometers. In the forest, there are more than 600 species of forage grass, wild medicinal materials, such as Qinghai Yunbin, Qilian Juniper, White Birch, Green Poplar, Plateau Willow, and Seabuckthorn. There are also dozens of rare animals such as White-lipped Deer and Fragrant Deer. The perigee of the forest area is 35 kilometers north from Dawu Town along the Gequ River, and the highway leads directly to the forests.
Maqin County Geography and Climate
Maqin County is adjacent to Maqu County of Gansu Province to the east, Henan County to the northeast, Tongde County and Xinghai County to the north, and Madoi County and Darlag County to the west , Adjacent to Gade County to the south. The northwest and north of the county are surrounded by high mountains, and the stone mountain range stretches across the whole territory. The Amnye Marchen Mountain runs to the north, and the mountain range is from northwest to southeast. The high mountains above 4500 meters above sea level are mostly formed by erosion, with bare rocks, bedrock and metamorphic rock, mainly composed of clastic rocks with alternating thicknesses, and strong cold weathering, which is a frost-eroded terrain. The valleys are widely distributed in the county, with an altitude of 2900-3600 meters. Some valleys are narrow, some are wide and flat. The surface water is much, the groundwater level is high, the soil is often in a seasonal or long-term stagnant state, presenting an aerobic environment, with weak microbial activity and obvious accumulation of organic matter, forming a swamp.
Maqin County has a continental cold climate with great differences between the east and the west. The northwestern part is cold and humid, and the southeast part gradually changes from cold temperature to cold and humidity. The annual average temperature is -3.8 to 3.5℃, the temperature is low, and the daily temperature difference is large. The annual precipitation is between 423-565 mm, mostly in June-September. The annual sunshine time is 2313-2607 hours, which is 45% -63% relative to sunshine. There are no obvious four seasons in a year, and the winter is cold and long, lasting as long as eight or nine months. The spring is dry and windy. Summer and autumn are short and rainy, often accompanied by heavy rain and hail. Except for the frost-free period of 80-95 days in all parts of the Yellow River in Rabgya Town, there is no absolute frost-free period in other areas.
Population and Ethnic groups
As of 2018, the total population is nearly 60,000 people, of which Tibetans account for 83% of the total population; Maqin is dominated by Tibetans, as well as Han, Hui, Salar, Tu, Mongolian and other ethnic minorities
Maqin County Brief History
In the dynasties of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, it was the grazing land of Dangxiang of Qiang people
In Tang dynasty, it was firstly set the district governed by Tang dynasty
In Yuan dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom
In Ming dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of Shuote Mongolian regime, and be included in the land of the ancient Kham
In the Qing Dynasty, it was the pastoral land of Upper & Middle Guo-luo-ke tribes
In the 24th year of the Republic of China (1935), it was the territory of the Guoluo Administrative Inspectorate.
In the 29th year of the Republic of China (1940), it was under juristiction of Xi-Le Administration
In 1957, Maqin County was established