Delingha City means “Golden World” in Mongolian. It is seat of Haixi Mongolian Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.
It is located in northern of Qinghai Province. It is political, educational, technological, economic, and cultural center of Haixi prefecture.
The urban area is 2,980 meters above sea level. The river named “Bayin River” divides the city into two parts of Hedong district and Hexi district. Hedong is business area and it is more prosperous. Hexi district is dominated by agriculture.
Best time to travel
From June to October
Plateau mountain climate
Most popular sites
Huaitou Tarara rock paintings were created in late Northern Dynasty and Sui and Tang Dynasties. The Rock paintings have exquisite techniques, unique drawing styles, and a wide range of expressions, including animals, characters, hunting, grazing, plants, dances and other aspects.
Tosu Lake is a typical inland saltwater lake. Tosu means “Butter” in Mongolian. The lake is surrounded by vast Gobi deserts. Its temperature is higher, the evaporation of lake is very large, and the salt content in water increases. There are also few flora and fauna and phytoplankton.
Aliteng Temple was built in 2nd year of Xuantong in Qing Dynasty (AD 1910). The temple covers a total area of 2383.2 square meters and it contains precious cultural relics and artifacts, it has been a treasure house of Tibetan Buddhism art.
Geography and climate
Delingha City is located on northeastern edge of Qaidam Basin, with an urban area of 25 square kilometers. It belongs to Qilian Mountains and Qaidam Basin in geomorphological unit.
Delingha City is a plateau continental climate zone, lack of oxygen, dry air, little rain and wind, four seasons are not distinct. The annual sunshine is 3554 hours.
Population and ethnic group
Delingha has a permanent population of 73,100 (including 51,900 Han and 21,200 ethnic minorities). There are 26 ethnic groups including Han, Mongolian, Tibetan, and Hui. Mongolian is main ethnic minority, accounting for 36% of ethnic minorities; Tibetan is 26% of ethnic minorities;
In 13th century, Mongols rose, Jin kingdom and Song Dynasty were destroyed. Delingha was under jurisdiction of Yuan Dynasty,
In Qing Dynasty, Delingha area was under jurisdiction of Mongolian khanate
During Republic of China, it belonged to Dulan County
In 1958, Delingha County was established
In 1962, it was merged into Ulan County.
In 1988, Delingha City was restored, till now