Jomda County was established in 1959 by the merger of Jomda Dzong and Dengke Dzong, it is rich in copper mines. It is located in the north of Tibet Autonomous Region and east of Chamdo,
Jomda County faces Sershul County, Derge County, and Pelyul County across the river in the east, borders Yushu City in the north, Gonjo County in the south, and Chamdo City in the west; It is the junction of Sichuan, Qinghai and Tibet,and also the first town to enter Tibet from the east. Sichuan-Tibet Highway N317 passes through here.
The county seat is Jomda Town, which is 228 kilometers away from Chamdo, 1170 kilometers away from Lhasa, and 1070 kilometers away from Chengdu
Best time to travel July to October
Local climate Plateau climate
Most popular sites
Boluojirong Grand Canyon, located at the junction of Tongpu Township and Boluo Township about 25 kilometers away from the county seat. The Duoqu River flows east into the Jinsha River,a gorge about 5 kilometers along the river, the widest point is about 100 meters, and the narrowest point is only 2.30 meters. In the middle of the Duoqu River in the gorge, there are the legendary square boulder dice used by King Gesar to play chess, the “sky bridge” of Zhumu, and stone carvings of Buddha. There is a cave in the valley halfway up the mountain that is generally difficult to climb. The local people call this cave for Gesar to subdue the demon.
Guobu Baizong Mountain is the sacred mountain where Padmasambhava once practiced in. It takes about three hours to make a cora of this mountain; Along the route, there are natural landscapes such as Tiger Cave, Gawu Cave, Right-handed Conch, Padmasambhava Meditation Cave, and Buddhism Shrine. Baizong Mountain has beautiful scenery, well-preserved vegetation, and dense forests and bushes to the northeast. There is a small monastery on the mountainside, and a cliff on the southwest.
Shengqin Langzha Mountain, the first of the 25 sacred mountains in Kham, is located in Gangtuo Township, about 100 kilometers away from the county seat. The mountain is Large, it takes a day to make a cora on horseback. There are about dozens of scenic spots. Among them, the most popular spots are: monkeys take off their hats, stone statues of Guru Padmasambhava, dragon soaring stone, Padmasambhava Meditation Cave, Karmapa Meditation Cave, Gemapa Ascetic Cave, Rinzin Crystal Cave,
Wara monastery, the largest monastery in Jomda County. It was founded in 1253 and belongs to the Sakya Sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Wara monastery still retains many precious cultural relics, murals, etc., especially the ancient murals of King Gesar with a history of more than 700 years and the woodcut “Kanjur”.
Polo Guze, here has a large forest area and many types of trees, especially birch, which is more rigid, is a unique tree species here. According to investigation, there are as many as 152 skilled artists in the Polo village. The scriptures now in the Dege Printing House are mainly masterpieces carved in the area of Polo Guze village. The engraver of Polo Guze village can not only engrave Danjur and Ganjur sutras, but also engrave the very difficult Fengma flag and Buddha images. This place has a long history, a large number of engravers, and a high level of engraving skills, which are rare in other places in Tibet. It is a veritable “land of woodcarving”.
Geography and climate
Jomda County is 286 kilometers wide from east to west and 327 kilometers long from north to south, with a total area of 13,164 square kilometers. It is located in the alpine valley of the Hengduan Mountains.
The terrain slopes from northwest to southeast, belonging to the valley zone of the Jinsha River Basin, with the lowest elevation of 2800 meters and the highest elevation of 5436 meters. The average altitude is about 3800 meters, with a height difference of 2636 meters.
In the lower-altitude southeast agricultural zone, a large area of forest grows, and it is a zone where agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry are diversified.
Jomda County has a large annual average temperature difference, strong solar radiation and long sunshine duration; The highest temperature is 28℃, and the lowest temperature is -15℃. The annual average temperature is 4.5℃. The average temperature in January is about -5℃, and the average temperature in July is 13.2℃.
The average frost-free period is 60-80 days, and the average daily temperature is above 5℃, and the duration is 150-170 days. The daily average temperature is above 0℃ and the duration is 200-250 days.
The average annual precipitation is 549 mm. The sunshine time is long, the annual temperature difference is small but the daily temperature difference is large, the dry season and the rainy season are distinct, and the rain and heat are in the same season.
Population and ethnicity
As of 2010, the total population of Jiangda County is 76,026, of which the Tibetan population accounts for 98% of the total population, in addition to the Han, Hui, Mongolian, Monba, Miao and other ethnic groups
According to the research of cultural relics and historical data, humans lived and thrived in Jomda region in ancient times.
As early as the 6th century, Bon religion, the traditional religion of Tibetan ancestors, existed in Jomda region
Around the middle of the 7th century, Jomda became a possession of the Tubo Dynasty.
Legend has it that at the end of the 8th century, when Master Padmasambhava went to “Eluo” (Golog area in Qinghai and northwestern Sichuan) to spread Buddhism, he influenced and reformed the Bon religion in the northwestern part of the Kham, and played a major role to accelerated the development of fusion of Bon religion and Buddhism in this area
After the abolition of Dege Tusi in the early years of Xuantong (1909), Jomda was placed under Dengke Mansion in West Sichuan.
In the third year of Xuantong (1911), Jomda was reorganized as Tongpu County
In the seventh year of the Republic of China (1918), Jomda Xi-Lekang was established, and later rebuilt as Jomda Dzong
In 1959, Jomda Dzong and Dengke Dzong merged to form the Jomda County
In 2014, Chamdo was withdrew from the region to establish a city, and Jomda County was under the jurisdiction of Chamdo city