Nyima County is a county in Nagqu City. “Nyima” means “sun” in Tibetan. The county has an average elevation of over 5,000 meters and its north is a vast uninhabited area. Nyima Town, the county seat, is 4770 meters above sea level. The economy of Nyima County is dominated by animal husbandry and is a pure animal husbandry county.
Nyima County is located in the northern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region and northwest of Nagqu City. It is connected to Shigatse City to the south, Shuanghu County and Xainza County to the east, and Gerze County to the west. It is 580 km from Nagqu City, 830 km from Gar County, 710 km from Lhasa City,
Best travel time from June to October
Local climate plateau cold zone arid climate
Most popular sites
Daguo Snow Mountain is said to be the gathering place of ancient Zhang Zhung gods and the main line of the 360 peaks in Zhang Zhung Land. Tangra Yumco lake at the foot of the Daguo Snow Mountain is one of the three holy Lakes in Tibet. The upper part of Tangra Yumco lake is round, the middle is thin and the lower part is long. It is surrounded by mountains, streams flow into the lake, and there are four spring pools on all sides.
It is often regarded that “Kailash Mountain and Lake Manasarovar in the upper Tibet, Daguo Snow Mountain and Tangra Yumco lake in the middle Tibet, and Nyainqentanglha Mountain and Namtso Lake in the lower Tibet” are three holy lakes and mountains in Tibet.
Daguo Snow Mountain has seven peaks, the mountain is dark and covered with white snow. The shape resembles 7 neatly arranged pyramids. It is regarded as the holy land of gods by the faithful together with Tangra Yumco Lake
Tangra Yumco Lake, is the sacred lake in the minds of the followers of Bon religion. It is located at the bottom of a deep basin in Wenbu Township, adjacent to “Dangchung Tso”, which is together with Tangra Yumco in the same lake basin. “Dangchung Tso” and “Tangra Yumco Tso” were originally the same lake before it dried up. This is also the origin of the name “Dangchung Tso “, which means “the smaller Tangra Yumco Lake” in Tibetan.
It is said that this lake can change three colors in one day. On the east bank of the lake is a continuous crimson mountain wall, which clearly records the history of the water drop of Tangra Yumco Lake. The steps washed by the lake water circle from the top of the lakeside mountain to the lakeside.
Tangra Yumco Lake is a large lake with a north-south direction, shaped like a shoe sole. Surrounded by mountains on three sides. There is only a gap on the east side of Dalguo on the south bank. The Yuben monastery by the lake is a temple built in a cliff cave. It is said to be the oldest monastery of Bon religion
Garin Mountain Rock Painting, There are many petroglyphs in the Rongma area of Nyima county, which is also the most popular. The content of the petroglyphs is mainly cattle, sheep, horses, and bison. The painting style is simple. The colors are bright and vivid. As the season and time change, many stones will show different pictures.
There is also a hot spring of hundreds of square meters in the ground. The heat evaporates all the year round, and the spring water is uneven. The gurgling heat can treat arthritis and skin diseases.
Geography and climate
Nyima County is located in the northern part of Tibet Autonomous Region and northwest of Nagqu City. It is in the Great Lake Basin of the Qiangtang Plateau. It has Kunlun Mountains and Hoh Xil Mountains in the north, and Gangdisi Mountains in the south; the total area is 72499 square kilometers.
Nyima County is high in the north and low in the south. The terrain is dominated by plateaus, hills, and flat land. The main peaks include Zangsegangri and Jiaomuri, all of which are above 6000 meters above sea level. The highest peak, Tsangse Gangri, is 6,460 meters above sea level.
Nyima County has thin air, low rainfall, sufficient sunshine, low temperature, and windy & snow. The annual average temperature is -4℃ and the annual precipitation is 150 mm.
Population and ethnicity
As of the end of 2014, Nima County had a total of 31,000, of which Tibetans accounted for more than 99% of the total population. Other ethnic groups include Han, Mongolian, etc.
Nyima County originally belonged to the Nacang tribe.
At the end of the 17th century, it was under the jurisdiction of Kashag regime
In the 12th year of Emperor Guangxu of Qing Dynasty (1886 AD), Kashag regime established Xainza Zong.
Before 1976, the area of Nyima County was under jurisdiction of Xainza County.
In 1979, the Office of Wenbu was formally established.
In 1983, Baingoin County was also part of the area and merged with parts of the original Xainza County to form Nyima County, which is under jurisdiction of Nagqu prefecture
In 2017, Nagqu Prefecture was abolished, and Nagqu City was established; Nyima County is under the jurisdiction of Nagqu City until now