Luojiawan Ruins Site is located in Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County of Gansu Province. It is a provincial-level cultural relics protection unit and is an ancient site. The historical age of Luojiawan Ruins is Neolithic Age
The specific location of Luojiawan Ruins Site is 2 kilometers northwest of Luojiawan Village of Dongping Township in Tianzhu County. It is a remains of Majiayao culture Machang-type, covering an area of about 200,000 square meters and a cultural layer thickness of about 1.2 meters.
Many pieces of stone tools and pottery from Neolithic Age were unearthed here; Among them, the pottery includes square pattern colored pottery amphora, cylindrical cup, and pointed bottom bottle; Stone tools include stone knives, stone axes, stone chisels, stone pestles, etc. Most of them were made of sandstone by friction, and only a few were made of hard stone.
The earthenware pots, clay tanks, and clay cylindrical cups in unearthed pottery have rough texture, but the surface is relatively smooth. Most of them have yellow pottery-clothes and black and red painted patterns. In addition, there are large cone-shaped bottles with no ears and no handles.
This proves that Tianzhu area entered “Clan commune” four thousand years ago. The matrilineal clan and the patrilineal clan alternated, but the matrilineal clan commune system was still a typical social stage.
Luojiawan site is well preserved and is of great value for studying the distribution and cultural connotation of Majiayao culture