Chindu County is also known as “Trindu County” in Tibetan, OR “Chengduo County” in Chinese. It is located in the eastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the southern part of Qinghai Province, and the northeastern part of Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. It is one of the counties in the National River Source Nature Reserve and one of the source counties. The Bayan Har Mountain, a branch in the middle section of Kunlun Mountain, lies in the north of Chindu County. It is the watershed between the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The main peak is 5,267 meters. The turbulent Tongtian River flows from west to east and has been a natural barrier for Chindu County. There are dense rivers in the territory of Chindu County, with large river drop and abundant water resources. The main rivers include Tongtian River, Zha Qu, Duo Qu, Xi Qu, De Qu, etc. (“Qu” means river in Tibetan), and there are countless lakes dotted in the vast grassland
With 214 National Road as the main way, Chindu is directly connected to Xining, or to Chengdu in Sichuan, and connected with National road 109 in the north. The local wildlife resources are very rich. There are more than 60 species of fine pastures, more than 200 species of wild medicinal plants, including Cordyceps, Fritillaria, rhubarb, etc.; more than 80 species of wild animals, including white-lipped deer, horse musk deer, and lynx.
Best time to travel from July to September
Local climate Plateau continental climate
Most popular sites
San-jiang-yuan Nature Reserve, “San-jiang-yuan ” means the sources of the three rivers. The reserve is in area that Tongtian River runs thgough. The source of the Yangtze River is an area with the most significant biodiversity in high-altitude areas in the world, and being known as a natural germplasm resource bank for alpine organisms. The San-jiang-yuan region has a unique and typical alpine ecosystem, which is a typical representative of the alpine environment of the Central Asian plateau and the alpine grassland of the world.
Gado Jowo Holy mountain, it is located in Gaduo Township, about 140 kilometers away from Chengduo County, the mountain is composed of 28 surrounding peaks, the main peak is 5395 meters above sea level. It is known as one of the four sacred mountains of Tibetan Buddhism along with Kailash in Tibet, Kawagarbo in Yunnan and Amye Machen in Qinghai.
Ga Zang (Karzang) monastery, it is the oldest and largest Sakya pa monastery in this county. Ga Zang Temple is also known as “Dogon Puntso Dargyeling” in Tibetan. It is located in Chengwen Township, 5 kilometers away from the county seat.
Xiewu monastery, also Zhiwu Dorgon monastery, is located in Xiewu Township at the intersection of the 214 National Road and Sichuan – Qinghai Road. The monastery was first built in the early 11th century and was originally Kagyu Sect. The important cultural relics of Xiewu monastery include the newly built statues of the five ancestors of the Sakya pa, eight monks tomb towers, and 300 collections of Buddhist scriptures.
Saiba monastery, it mainly has an exhibition hall of religious and cultural. There are nearly 10,000 species of rare animals on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Khampa custom articles and various religious relics, which are helpful to the investigation and study of Tibetan culture, history, customs in the Khampa area.
Ancient Rock Painting, about 143 ancient rock painting groups have been discovered in Bailong Village, Chengwen Town, among which the earliest individual rock paintings are about 2000 years old.
Chindu County Geography and climate
The north and west of Chengduo County are bordered by Qumalai County, the southeast is adjacent to Sershul County of Sichuan Province, and the southwest of Chengduo County and Yushu County are across the Tianhe River. It is 160 kilometers wide from east to west and 209 kilometers from north to south. The county has a total area of 15,300 square kilometers. The terrain in the territory is complex with an average elevation of about 4500 meters. The terrain of Chengduo County is mountainous. Tongtian River cuts into deep valleys from the southwest. Many small rivers also form deep valleys in many places. It gradually slopes from the northwest to the southeast, forming a middle low and high in the surrounding area and undulating mountain basins.
Chengduo County has a cold temperate continental monsoon climate, with large temperature differences between morning and evening, strong spring winds, mild and rainy summers, cool autumns and long winters. The overall temperature is low, with an annual average of -1.6°C, and a short frost-free period, about 93 – 126 days.
Population and ethnic group
As of 2013, the total population is 63,000, including Ethnic minorities of Wenbao, Labu, Kana, Huma, Bairimai,Chinese Han people….etc, Among them, Tibetans account for about 95%.
Chindu County Brief History
In ancient times, it was Nomads area.
In Dynasties of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, it was part of Sum-pa kingdom.
Sum-pa was a highly civilized tribe in Tibetan history. Its original settlement was in the area of Nanmulin County in the Shigatse region of Tibet. It gradually expanded eastward to the northwest of Qamdo and the southeast of Qinghai. “New History of the Tang Dynasty” says that Sum-pa is “Western Qiang Nomad”. It can be seen that Sum-pa originally belonged to the Qiang ethnic group. Howeer, some Sinologists believe that Sum-pa was a tribe of Tibetan, the name of Sum-pa is also known as “Supi” or “Sun bo” in chinese, which is regarded as the name of the Qiang ethnic group, and “Sun Bo” is the name of Tubo.
In Tang dynasty, it is under the jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom.
In Yuan dynasty, it belonged to the ancient Kham region
In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it belonged to the Heshuote Mongolian regime
At the beginning of the Republic of China, it was subordinated to Qinghai province.
In the 6th year of the Republic of China (1917), it was under the jurisdiction of Yushu County.
In the 26th year of the Republic of China (1937), Chindu County was set up
In 1951, Chindu County was officially established, and under the jurisdiction of Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.