Gangcha County, also known as “Kangtsa County”, is located on the north shore of Qinghai Lake. It borders Haiyan County across the Hargai River in the east, Tianjun County in the west, Gonghe County across the Buha River in the south, and Qilian County across the Datong River in the north.
It is one of the key animal husbandry counties around Qinghai Lake in Qinghai Province. The Qinghai-Tibet Railway traverses the whole territory, and the Qinghai Xinjiang Highway and Huangyuan Jiayuguan Highway pass through the territory.
Best time to travel From July to September
Local climate Continental monsoon climate
Most popular sites
Gangcha Gonchen is the largest monastery in the Gangcha area and the center of religious activities in the Gangcha county. It is a Gelug monastery and was first built in 1915.
Compassionate Eyes Tower is at the Cangyang Gyatso Cultural Square in Gangcha County, it is built with Tibetan Buddhist culture and traditional Tibetan architecture
Fairy Bay Wetland is a paradise for birds and the hometown of swans. The birds that inhabit here every year include bar-headed geese, fish gulls, and cormorants. In autumn and winter, about 1,500 whooper swans live here. In addition, the black-necked crane, a national first-class protected animal, also use this wetland for winter
Geography and climate
Gangcha County is 114 kilometers long from east to west and 122 kilometers wide from north to south. The total area of the county is 8138 square kilometers. The county seat is 188 kilometers away from the provincial capital Xining City and 88 kilometers away from the state capital Xihai Town. The mountains in Gangcha County run northwest, with continuous mountains in the north, low in the south and sloping from northwest to south. Most areas are over 3300-3800 meters above sea level. The highest point is 4,775 meters, and the lowest point is 3,195 meters, at the shore of Qinghai Lake, with an average elevation of 3300 meters and a relative elevation difference of 1,580 meters. The mountains, hills and plains in the territory are roughly arranged in the north, middle and south. The northern part is the Datong Mountain area, the central part is hilly, and the southern part is the plain area. Datong Mountain traverses the northern part of the county,which divides the county into two areas: the north is the outflow area of the Huangshui water system of the Yellow River Basin; The south is the inflow area of the inland water system surrounding the Qinghai Lake.
Gangcha County has a typical plateau continental climate, with long sunshine hours and large temperature difference between day and night; annual precipitation is 370 mm, and annual evaporation is 1500-1847 mm. It is cold in winter and cool in summer and autumn. The average temperature in January is -17.5℃, the average temperature in July is 11℃, and the annual average temperature is -0.6℃.
Population and ethnic groups
Gangcha County is a multi-ethnic settlement dominated by Tibetans, inhabited by 12 ethnic groups including Tibetan, Han, Mongolian, Hui and Dongxiang ethnic groups. As of 2012, the county has a total population of 42,000, of which 73% are ethnic minorities and 63% are Tibetans.
In ancient time, it was land of nomads
In the period from the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC-8 AD) to the Qing Dynasty Yongzheng three years (AD 1725), it was under juristiction of Xihai County,
In the 6th year of the Republic of China (1917), It was under juristiction of Dulan,
In 1953, Gangcha County was officially established