Tianjun County, also known as “Bongtak Tianjun County”, belongs to the Haixi Mongolian-Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Qinghai Province. It is located in the northeast of Qinghai Province, northwest of Qinghai (Kokonor) Lake, east of the Qaidam Basin.
It borders Qilian County and Gangcha (Kangtsa) County in the east, Gonghe County and Ulan County in the south, Delingha City in the west, and Subei Mongolian Autonomous County in Gansu in the northwest.
It is the only animal husbandry county in Haixi Prefecture, in which coal and animal husbandry are the main industries. Tianjun County is a transliteration of “Tianjun Mountain”, one of the thirteen famous mountains around Qinghai Lake.
Best time to travel From July to September
Local climate Plateau continental climate
Most popular sites
Tianjun Mountain, Tianjun Mountain is one of the 13 famous mountains around the Qinghai Lake and it is regarded the eastern gateway of the Qaidam Basin. The Buha River, the mother river of Qinghai Lake, originates from the mountains in the north. Tianjun Mountain is full of pine and cypresses, with green grass all over the mountain.
Hala Lake is the second largest lake in Qinghai, also known as the Black Sea, with an area of 593 square kilometers and an elevation of 4,077 meters. Hala Lake is a large saltwater lake in the inland basin on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The lake is fed by many small rivers that originate from the surrounding mountainous with a peak of 5,600 meters. This is a place with abundant water and grass in the hinterland of the Qilian Mountains. It is an important breeding ground for wetland birds, anser, sandpiper, and gull. Large populations of yellow fish live in the lake.
Lumangou Rock Paintings are located in the southwest of Tianpeng Township, Tianjun County. The valley goes from southeast to northwest. There is Xining-Tianjun highway crossing at the entrance of the valley. The east and west sides of the valley are high mountains. The mountains and valleys are densely covered with grass. About 4 kilometers in the valley, there is a rock mountain on the east side. The surface of these rocks has a layer of oily black shiny oxide surface, the painting are on those rocks;
Geography and Climate
Tianjun County is about 44-170 kilometers wide from northeast to southwest, and about 312 kilometers long from northwest to southeast. The county has a total area of 25,700 square kilometers, high terrain and cold climate.
The topography of Tianjun can be summarized as: six major waters, five major mountains, plains between hills and valleys, 43 large and small rivers, lakes and swamps with glaciers; high in the middle, low at both ends, wide in the southeast and narrow in the northwest, shaped like a wedge; The highest altitude in Tianjun County is 5827 meters, the lowest altitude is 2850 meters, the relative elevation difference is nearly 3000 meters, and the average altitude is more than 4000 meters.
Tianjun County has a plateau continental climate with low temperature and uneven precipitation time. The climate is cold, there is no absolute frost-free period, and the annual average number of windy days is 97 days.
Population and ethnic groups
As of 2010, Tianjun County has a total population of 47,000, and ethnic minorities account for 90% of the total population. Tianjun County is a multi-ethnic gathering area with Tibetans as the main tribes. There are Tibetans, Hans, Huis, Mongolians, and Salars…etc 15 ethnic groups.
Before the Han Dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD), Tianjun was the Nomad land.
In the 4th year of Emperor Ping of the Han Dynasty (AD 4), Tianjun was under jurisdiction of Han Dynasty
In the 23rd years of Emperor Wang Mang (23 AD), Tianjun was reverted to Nomad land.
During the reign of Emperor Taiwu of the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386 – AD 534), the Tianjun area became the territory of Tuyuhun.
In the 3rd year of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty (663 AD), the Tianjun area was under jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom.
In the 7th year of Zhengde of Ming Dynasty (AD 1512), the Tianjun area became the pastoral area of ??the tribes of East Mongolia.
In the 19th year of the Republic of China (1930 AD), it was under the jurisdiction of Dulan County and being called the second administrative district of Dulan County.
In 1954, Tianjun Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture was formally established.
In 1955, Tianjun Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture was changed to Tianjun County.