“Nangqian” means “internal prime minister” in Tibetan language, and it was the official title of the Tubo period. According to the “Genealogy of King Nangqian”, Zhiwaalu, a descendant of the Zhu family, moved to the southern part of Yushu from the area of Dzeduo Mountain in Kangding, Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, along with his family and some other people. It is said that his ancestor Jihu Hulong Rongbu once served as the minister of a certain dynasty in the mainland of China. In order to commemorate the glory of the ancestor, “Nangqian” was used as the name of the tribe, and then to name the place where they moved in.
Nangqian County, also known as “Nangqen County“, or “Nangchen County“, is a county under the jurisdiction of Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai Province. It is located in the southernmost tip of Qinghai Province. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region to the southeast and southwest. It covers an area of 12,741 square kilometers and has a population of 60,000 in 2001, of which 99% are Tibetans. The county seat is in Xiangda Town.
Nangqian County is a spring salt producing area with a long history in Qinghai. There are 29 salt springs exposed in an area of more than 10,000 square kilometers, of which eight have been turned into salt fields. The history of these salt farms can be traced back nearly a thousand years ago; the salt produced here allows the remote Nangqian to integrate into the regional trading circle and become an important commercial and trade center.
Best time to travel from May to October
Local climate plateau mountain climate
Most popular sites
Qunguo Tashi is contained in the Zanarong grassland with an altitude of more than 5,200 meters in Zaduo County. The mountains around the grassland are like pearl necklaces hanging upside down in the sky. Follow the rushing ice trough gurgling down towards the Qunguo Tashi Beach in the middle of the grassland
Rancha Grand Canyon is about 110 kilometers away from the county seat. It is the only way to Dana Monastery. The landscape of the canyon is unique. The Jiqu River rushes out through the canyon and the rugged rocks are full of the canyon. The ancient Zongguo Monastery is located on the cliff at the top of valley entrance, and an ancient pagoda of the Sakya King stands beside the Monastery.
Zongge monastery Located about 6 kilometers west of Ginisai Township, it belongs to the Barong Kagyu Sect. The main monastery is Lacha Monastery in Jinben township. Zongge monastery is one of the 18 Barong Kagyu monasteries in Kham District. Sachin Gunga Ningpo (1092-1158), the first ancestor of Sakya pa, and the great translator Galo Zawa passed away in this monastery, and the relic stupas were built for them
Gar monastery is located in Baizhaduo county, some 70 kilometers away from Xiangda Town, about 3700 meters above sea level. According to legend, Padmasambhava once practiced and suppressed demons here more than 700 years ago. Around 1200 AD, in accordance with the will of the founder of the Driguntil Kagyu pa of Tibetan Buddhism, the Gar Monastery was founded here. There are Cakrasamvara Hall, Vajra Hall, Dakini Hall, and more than 1,000 small statues of the founder of Kagyu pa. Later, the upper and lower monasteries were formed. Those who entered the upper temple were monks with strict discipline, and those who entered the lower temple were laymen.
Surmang Monastery is also called Zurmang monastery (Su Mang Si in Chinese pronounciation. It is the ancestral temple of the Surmang Kagyu lineage of the Karma Kagyu branch. It was founded in 1423 by the disciple of the 5th Karmapa, who was also recognized by the Karmapa as the incarnation of Master Tilopada. The current Surmang Kawang Rinpoche is the twelfth reincarnation of Tsongmaxie
Naijiama Holy Mountain is located on the west bank of Zhaqu River by Zongzashe of Qianmai Village with an altitude of 3640 meters. “Naijiama ” means the leader of a hundred sacred mountains in Tibetan. It is a sacred mountain with the meaning of symbolism recorded in the verse of the twenty-fifth sacred mountain by Master Padmasambhava
Zang-Niang stupa is located on the south bank of the Tongtian River, about 40 kilometers west of Zhongda Township. It is known as the world’s three most well-known Tibetan Buddhist pagodas along with Bodhnath Stupa in Kathmandu and Pelkhor Pagoda in Gyantse. The pagoda was built in the seventh year of Tiansheng in the Northern Song Dynasty (AD 1030) and has a history of nearly a thousand years. The pagoda is more than 40 meters high and has a circumference of 200 meters. In 2001, it was listed as a national key cultural relics protection unit.
Nangqian County Geography and climate
Nangqian County is adjacent to Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the north, Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the east, Ganze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province in the southeast, and Changdu, Nagqu regions in the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south and southwest. The longest from east to west is 158 kilometers, and the widest from north to south is 131 kilometers, with a total area of 12741 square kilometers.
It is in the eastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with the Hengduan Mountains in the south and the main plateau in the north. The mountains are criss-crossed, with overlapping peaks. The four juxtaposed branches of Tanggula Mountain form an overall sloping topographical framework in the northwest to southeast direction. The northwest is high and gentle, generally 4500-5000 meters above sea level, and belongs to the mountainous landform.
Nangqian County belongs to the continental monsoon season, with long sunshine time, strong radiation, large daily temperature difference, heavy and concentrated rainfall, and the four seasons are unclear. There are only two seasons of cold and warm, dry and less rain. There are five big rivers: Zhaqu River, Ziqu River, Baqu River, Requ River and Jiqu River.
Population and Ethnic groups
In 2013, the total population of Nangqian County was 130,000, including ethnic minorities such as Tibetan, Han, Hui, and Tu.
Nangqian County Brief History
During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Nangqian County belonged to Qiang people area
In Tang Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of the Tubo regime.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of the Nangqian tribe until the Qing Dynasty.
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), it was under the jurisdiction of Yushu County.
In the 22nd year of the Republic of China (1933), Nangqian County was established.
In 1951, Nangqian County was established along the old system, and it has been under the jurisdiction of the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Region since then