Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, referred to as Golog Prefecture, is located in the southeast of Qinghai Province, at the source of the Yellow River, and the capital of the state is Maqin County.
It borders Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the east; Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture and Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the south; Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the west; Haixi Mongolian and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in the north; the average elevation is over 4,200 meters, and the total area of the prefecture is 76,400 square kilometers.
There are nature wonders of Amnye Machen Mountain, Nianbaoyuze Mountain, Zhaling Lake and Eling Lake; There are also ancient monasteries such as Rabgya, Baiyu, Chalang, etc. The whole area of Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is included in the “Three Rivers Source” Nature Reserve, the largest natural environmental protection area in China.
As of the end of 2017, there are over 70 tourist attractions in Golog Prefecture, including 2 national geological parks, 2 4A-level scenic spots, and 15 3A-level scenic spots. The historical sites include Rabgya monastery, Amnye Machen Peak, Baiyun Temple, and the Bull-Head Monument at the source of the Yellow River. Natural landscapes include Eling Lake and Zhaling Lake, Toso Lake, Mogdewa Site, Nianbao Yuze, Baiyu Temple, Gesar King Lion and Dragon Palace, Mayu Cultural Center, Tang Dynasty Ancient road, Ma Kehe virgin forest, etc.
Geography and climate
Golog Prefecture is located between Bayan Har Mountain and Amnye Machen Mountain in the hinterland of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The terrain slopes from northwest to southeast. The northwest is high in elevation, with many hills, and the terrain is gentle; the southeast is low in altitude, with many mountains and steep and deep slopes. Bayan Har Mountain stretches across the prefecture from west to east, it is the main mountain range in the prefecture and constitutes the watershed of the two major water systems of the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. The main peak of the Amnye Machen Mountain is 6282 meters above sea level, it is the highest mountain in the south of Qinghai province, with developing modern glaciers.
The area in the territory with an altitude of 4000-5000 meters accounts for about 80% of the total size. The northwestern part is mostly between 4000-5000 meters above sea level, the topography is not large, the elevation difference is mostly between 500-1000 meters, and the slope is gentle; The altitude of the southeast is between 3500-4000 meters above sea level, but the terrain is undulating, and the height difference is generally between 1000-2100 meters.
Golog Prefecture has typical plateau continental climate characteristics such as significant alpine hypoxia, low temperature, strong light radiation, and large temperature difference between day and night. It is easily affected by the cold currents in the north and northwest, with long sunshine hours, more rainfall (snow), large evaporation, and frequent strong winds. The average annual temperature is -4℃. The annual precipitation is 400-760 mm. Due to influenced by topography, there are relatively three precipitation areas.
In the southeast of Banma County and Jiuzhi County, the average annual precipitation is 656-760 mm, and the annual precipitation days are about
In the northwest of Maduo County, the average annual precipitation is 306 mm, and the annual rainfall days are about 120 days.
In the central part of Dawu, Jimai and Gade counties, the average annual precipitation is 474-540 mm, and the number of annual precipitation days is
Population and ethnic group
As of the end of 2019, there are more than 210,000 permanent residents. Among them: the Tibetan population is more than 190,000, accounting for 92% of the total population; the agricultural and animal husbandry population is 161,942, accounting for 76.54% of the total population. The urbanization rate of permanent residents in the state is 28%. Hui nationality accounted for 0.96%; Tu nationality accounted for 0.24%; Salar nationality 0.14%; Mongolian nationality accounted for 0.06%; other ethnic minorities accounted for 0.18%
Golog was called “Elo” or “Gologke” in ancient times, it belonged to Qiang tribe.
In the Tang Dynasty, it was under jurisdiction of the central government of Tang dynasty
In Song dynasty, it was under jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom
In Yuan dynasty, it was ounder jurisdiction of Tubo kingdom.
In Ming dynasty, Golog area was under jurisdiction of Xining, belonging to Do me region
In Qing dynasty, Golog area was under jurisdiction of Do Kham
In the 18th year of the Republic of China (1929), it was under the jurisdiction of Qinghai Province and setting up Golog Guoluo Administrative Inspection District
In the 35th year of the Republic of China (1946), the existing institutions were abolished, and Golog area was under the management of the local tibetan tribe chiefs.
In 1950, Golog District was established as a district directly under Qinghai Province.
In 1952, the Golog Working Group was formed
In 1954, the Golog District was changed to the Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Region
In 1955, the Golog Tibetan Autonomous Region was changed to the Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture